دوره 13، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1397 )                   جلد 13 شماره 1 صفحات 28-37 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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1- گروه مدیریت توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران.
2- مرکز تحقیقات توانبخشی اعصاب اطفال، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران. ، r_vameghi@yahoo.com
3- مرکز تحقیقات سالمندی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران.
4- گروه آمار زیستی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران.
چکیده:   (1241 مشاهده)

اهداف خودپنداره، خودکارآمدی و خودمدیریتی از مهم‌ترین متغیرهای حوزه سالمندی هستند که در آسایشگاه‌های سالمندی به طور ویژه به آن‌ها توجه می‌شود. هدف از این مطالعه تعیین رابطه خودپنداره و خودکارآمدی با خودمدیریتی سالمندان آسایشگاه‌های شهر تهران در سال 1394 بود.
مواد و روش ها در این مطالعه توصیفی‌تحلیلی جامعه پژوهش شامل تمامی سالمندان مقیم آسایشگاه‌های شهر تهران در سال 1394بود. حجم نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 217 نفر محاسبه شد. روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده بود. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از مقیاس خودپنداره راجرز، مقیاس خودکارآمدی عمومی و پرسش‌نامه خودمدیریتی (SMAS-30) استفاده شد. داده‌های جمع‌آوری‌شده وارد نرم‌افزار SPSS شد و با آزمون‌های کلموگروف اسمیرنوف، همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون تجزیه‌وتحلیل شدند.
یافته ها در این پژوهش 217 سالمند (144 زن و 73 مرد) با میانگین سنی 78/11±66/78 سال به عنوان نمونه حضور داشتند. میانگین خودپنداره، خودکارآمدی و خودمدیریتی آنان به ترتیب 47/1±25/8، 00/4±68/17 و 59/11±69/59 بود. نتایج آزمون همبستگی نشان داد خودپنداره و خودکارآمدی با خودمدیریتی رابطه معنادار داشتند (05/0P<) و خودپنداره و خودکارآمدی حدود 14 درصد خودمدیریتی را تبیین می‌کردند.
نتیجه گیری سالمندان مقیم آسایشگاه‌های شهر تهران خودپنداره ضعیف، خودکارآمدی کم و خودمدیریتی نامطلوبی داشتند. با توجه به روابط به‌دست‌آمده، به دست‌اندرکاران و مسئولان مربوطه پیشنهاد می‌شود برای افزایش خودمدیریتی سالمندان مقیم آسایشگاه‌های شهر تهران به خودپنداره، خودکارآمدی و راهکارهای ارتقای آن‌ها توجه بیشتری داشته باشند.

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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: مدیریت توانبخشی
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۵/۳۰ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۱۹ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۱/۱۲

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