Volume 13, Issue 3 (10-2018)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2018, 13(3): 300-311 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sahaf R, Khankeh H R, Abolfathi Momtaz Y, Hamedanchi A. Content Analysis of the Topics of Ageing-related Theses at the University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences in Iran. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2018; 13 (3) :300-311
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1417-en.html
1- Iranian Research Center on Aging, Department of Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Health, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Iranian Research Center on Aging, Department of Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , doctorarya@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7558 Views)
Objectives “Ageing” has created challenges for societies, particularly in developing countries. In this regard, the “Research Agenda on Ageing for the 21st century” (RAA-21) has been prepared and published through a joint project of the “United Nations Program on Ageing” and the “International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics.” The University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences is the first university in Iran that has admitted students in Gerontology, and currently has the largest number of students studying the subject of “Ageing.” The current study aims to compare the topics of dissertations on ageing in the University with the priorities of RAA-21, because no similar study has been conducted at the University so far.
Methods & Materials total of 248 dissertations and proposals on “Ageing” were included in this study. The titles were categorized into three levels (priority, research area, and specific topic) with a deductive content analysis approach using RAA-21 guidelines. The results were qualitatively described and compared with RAA-21 priorities.
Results The fourth and fifth priorities of RAA-21 (“healthy ageing” as well as “biology and diseases”) were identified as the most common priorities in the dissertations of both the University and the Gerontology Department (39.9% and 21%, respectively). The second priority of RAA-21 (“material security”) had the least number of dissertations (3.3%). With respect to “research areas,” the highest number of dissertations was conducted in the “physical and mental function”(21.8%) and then “biomedical” and “healthy ageing” (19% each) subcategories. “Macro-societal changes and development” and “poverty” subcategories had the least number of dissertations (0.0% and 0.4%, respectively).
Conclusion distribution of dissertation topics conducted on “Ageing” at the University does not match with the priorities of RAA-21. As a descriptive study cannot present a certain causal relationship, an investigation into the reason for the differences is suggested for further studies. Moreover, it is also useful to prepare the national priorities for research on “Ageing,” using need assessment and RAA-21 as guidelines.
Full-Text [PDF 3039 kb]   (2761 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (2652 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2018/05/19 | Accepted: 2018/08/22 | Published: 2018/10/01

1. Mulley G. A history of geriatrics and gerontology. European Geriatric Medicine. 2012; 3(4):225-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.eurger.2012.06.007] [DOI:10.1016/j.eurger.2012.06.007]
2. Morley JE. A brief history of geriatrics. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2004; 59(11):1132-52. [DOI:10. 1093/gerona/59. 11. 1132] [DOI:10.1093/gerona/59.11.1132] [PMID]
3. Nozad A, Naseri M, Safari MB, Al Ahadi AA, Ghaffari F. Food reduction in Avicenna's view and related principles in classical medicine. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2016; 18(6):e25760. [DOI:10. 5812/ircmj. 25760] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.25760] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Howell TH. Avicenna and his regimen of old age. Age and Ageing. 1987; 16(1):58-9. [DOI:10. 1093/ageing/16. 1. 58] [PMID] [DOI:10.1093/ageing/16.1.58] [PMID]
5. Cole TR, Sierpina M. Humanistic gerontology and the meaning (s) of aging. Gerontology: Perspectives and Issues. 2007; 245-63.
6. Tibbitts C. Introduction-social gerontology-origin, scope and trends. International Social Science Journal. 1963; 15(3):339-54.
7. Achenbaum WA, Levin JS. What does gerontology mean. The Gerontologist. 1989; 29(3):393-400. [DOI:10. 1093/geront/29. 3. 393] [DOI:10.1093/geront/29.3.393] [PMID]
8. Hooyman NR, Kiyak HA. Social Gerontology: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Boston: Allyn & Bacon; 2011.
9. Bengtsson T, Scott K. Population ageing: A threat to European welfare. In S. Gustavsson, L. Oxelheim, L. Pehrson (Eds.), How Unified Is the European ::::union::::; Berlin: Springer; 2009. [DOI:10. 1007/978-3-540-95855-0_8] [DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-95855-0_8]
10. United Nations. Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing; Report of the Second World Assembly on Ageing. New York: United Nations; 2002.
11. United Nations. Research Agenda on Ageing for the 21st Century. New York: United Nations; 2007.
12. Danial Z, Motamedi M, Mirhashemi S, Kazemi A, Mirhashemi AH. Ageing in iran. Lancet. 2014; 384(9958):1927. [DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)62278-9] [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)62278-9]
13. Elo S, Kyngäs H. The qualitative content analysis process. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2008; 62(1):107-15. [DOI:10. 1111/j. 1365-2648. 2007. 04569. x] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x] [PMID]
14. Centre for Ageing Research and Development in Ireland Mapping Research in Ireland. Against the UN Research Agenda on Ageing for the 21st Century (2007 Update) [Internet]. 2017 [Updated 2017 September 18]. Available from: www.cardi.ie/userfiles/UN%20mapping%20framework%206%20Jan%202009.doc.
15. Kudo S, Mutisya E, Nagao M. Population aging: An emerging research agenda for sustainable development. Social Sciences. 2015; 4(4):940-66. [DOI:10. 3390/socsci4040940] [DOI:10.3390/socsci4040940]
16. Andrews G, Sidorenko A, Gutman G, Gray J, Anisimov V, Bezrukov V, et al. Research on ageing: Priorities for the European region. Успехи геронтологии. 2006; 18:7-14.
17. Fang EF, Scheibye-Knudsen M, Jahn HJ, Li J, Ling L, Guo H, et al. A research agenda for aging in China in the 21st century. Ageing Research Reviews. 2015; 24(Pt B):197–205. [DOI:10.1016/j.arr.2015.08.003] [DOI:10.1016/j.arr.2015.08.003]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb