Volume 14, Issue 4 (Winter 2020)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2020, 14(4): 450-461 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.32598/sija.13.10.680


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1- Department of Rehabilitation counseling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Iranian Research Centre on Ageing, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Ageing, Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , robabsahaf@gmail.com
4- Department of Rehabilitation Counseling, Counseling Department, University of Social welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
6- Occupational Therapy Department, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kuwait University, Kuwait.
7- Student of Physiotherapy, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1645 Views)
Objectives Changes in aging peiod can have profound effects on the life and mental health of the elderly people. Optimism and perception of aging are among the factors associated with the psychological wellbing of the elderly people. The present study aimed to predict the perception of aging based on optimism among the elderly people.
Methods & Materials This is a correlational study. The study population consisted of all elderly residents of Qom city in Iran in 2018. Of these, 270 were selected using a convenience sampling method. Data were collected using Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) and Aging Perception Questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS v.21 software.
Results Participants 177 male (65%) and 93 female (34%) with a mean age of 74±6.05 years. There was a significant positive correlation between optimism and perception of aging in the elderly (P<0.01); optimism could predict and explain 56% of variations in the perception of aging (P<0.01).
Conclusion Optimism can predict the perception of aging in the elderly people; Therefore, it is suggested that mental health professionals and those working in the field of aging should use the results of this study to design psychological interventions and educational packages, and hold optimism skills training workshops to improve the optimism of older people.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Consultation
Received: 2018/05/23 | Accepted: 2018/06/30