Volume 4, Number 4 (Salmand, Iranian Journal of Ageing 2010)                   Salmand 2010, 4(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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Salehi L, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Mohammad K, Taghdisi M H, Shogaei Zadeh D. Some Factors Affecting Consumption of Fruit and Vegetable by Elderly People in Tehran . Salmand. 2010; 4 (4)
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-303-en.html

1- PhD Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (8013 Views)

Objectives: This study was done to assess the some factors which influence on fruit and vegetable consumption among Iranian's elderly.

Methods and Materials: This study was a cross sectional study which was done on 400 elderly people through a two stages sampling method. 10 elderly centers were selected from all of elderly centers in Tehran. During second stage, a systematic random sampling method was used. Data was collected using multi sectional questionnaire (Knowledge, perceived benefits and barriers, stage of readiness, daily servings of fruit and vegetable in meals, social support). One-way analysis of variance and regression analysis were used to analysis the data.

Results: Fruit and vegetable intake among participations was 1.75±1.12 servings/ day. There was no difference between men and women regarding the fruit and vegetable consumption (P>0.05). Our findings showed economic problems were the major barrier for fruit and vegetable intake and accessibility to sellers was the major farilitator. Regression analysis indicated that, a higher fruit and vegetable consumption was significantly associated with higher knowledge, safe life style, self efficacy and lower perceived barriers. Elderly people in more advanced stages of change of attitudes and health knowledge and safe life style were more likely to consume suitable amounts of fruits and vegetables in their diets.

Conclusion: There are several factors which effect on fruit and vegetable consumption in Iranian's elderlies' diet. Identifying these factors could help health educators to design effective interventions.

Full-Text [PDF 312 kb]   (2302 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/08/20 | Accepted: 2009/11/25 | Published: 2010/01/01

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