Volume 8, Issue 1 (4-2013)                   Salmand 2013, 8(1): 24-32 | Back to browse issues page


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Sadrossadat J, Hooshyari Z, Sadrossadat L. The Construction and Norm-Finding of Rating Scale in Elderly Stressors. Salmand. 2013; 8 (1) :24-32
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-613-en.html

1- associate University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science
2- PhD Candidate University of Allameh Tabataba'i, Tehran, Iran. , zahrahooshyari@gmail.com
3- PHD Student Alliant International University
Abstract:   (6529 Views)

Objectives: The aim of the present study is to construct and norm-find a rating scale in elderly stressors

Methods & Materials: We prepared a checklist including 100 items based on stressors scales and questionnaires, elderly problem checklists, sciences index and reference, interview with professional experts and elderly. The checklist was reduce to 45 items after review by experts and then to 40 items after initial analyses (pilot execution). Our Research population was total Elderly aged above 60 years old that had used insurance services in the year 1390. Sample sizes of 300 were selected by purposeful sampling and were interviewed by the use of target scale. 30 elderly of the sampling were retested by the target scale and test by holms and rahe scale and GHQ after 2 weeks.

Results: Data analyses shows 6 factors that explain 68.47% of the total variance. The scale validity approved by content validity and correlation between scale scores and GHQ subscales confirmed construct validity of the scale. Scales reliability estimated by variety of methods, by Cronbach’s alpha is 0.95, by spearman brown is 0.84, test-retest is 0.79 and by pair form shows 0.81. Scale’s cut off point classify elderly in 5 category in term of intensity of stress include very low, low, moderate, sever and very sever.

Conclusion: We recommend using this scale with confidence in research and screen purpose or other situation.

Full-Text [PDF 603 kb]   (1673 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical
Received: 2013/01/03 | Accepted: 2013/03/10 | Published: 2013/04/01

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