Volume 7, Number 2 ( Summer 2012 seventh Year 2012)                   Salmand 2012, 7(2): 53-59 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghafari M, Sharifirad G R, Zanjani S, Hassanzadeh A. Stress, Anxiety and Depression Levels Among Elderly Referrals to Tehran Elderly Club. Salmand. 2012; 7 (2) :53-59
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-626-en.html

1- PhD Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , mohtashamg@yahoo.com
2- Associate Professor of Health Education Department of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3- M.Sc. Graduate of Health Education Department of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
4- Instructor of biostatistics Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (8122 Views)

Objectives: Stress and anxiety have well–known effects in the pathogenesis of many physical and mental disorders. Aging adults are vulnerable to the effects of a negative stressor factors so, this study aims to investigate the level of stress anxiety and depression among the elderly referred to elderly clubs of Tehran in 2009.

Methods & Materials: This is a cross-sectional study carried out on 104 aging adults, selected from elderly clubs of Tehran on 2009. Depression, Anxiety and Stress questionnaires (DASS-21), were filled out for this group. Finally obtained data was statistically analyzed by means of SPSS15 using T- test and One Way ANOVA at the significant level P≤0.05.

Results: Of the total subjects under study 24% were male, and 76% female, with a mean age of 63.37±4.32 and 65.08±4.82 years respectively. The proportion of women with high anxiety score was higher than men. There were also higher anxiety levels in illness people (P<0.001).

Conclusion: This study on depression, anxiety and stress as an indicator of lifestyle reveals high stress levels in the elderly population, which warrants appropriate planning and community-based interventions, to improve lifestyle and reduce stress level in aging adults.

Keywords: Stress, Anxiety, Elderly
Full-Text [PDF 289 kb]   (3110 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2012/02/25 | Accepted: 2012/05/20 | Published: 2012/07/01

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