Volume 10, Issue 1 (4-2015)                   Salmand 2015, 10(1): 6-15 | Back to browse issues page


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Ebrahimi M, Azkhosh M, Foroughan M, Dolatshahi B, Shoaai F. Role of Failure to Forgive Self, Others and Uncontrollable Situations in Predicting Depression Among the Elderly. Salmand. 2015; 10 (1) :6-15
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-715-en.html

1- M.Sc Department of Counselling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Assistant Department of Aging, Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- PhD Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , m_foroughan@yahoo.com
4- Assistant Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3419 Views)

Objectives Elderly people experience many resentments and the inability to forgive these resentments may be associated with depressive symptoms. Hence, we aimed to examine the relationships between forgiveness of self, others and uncontrollable situations with depression in the elderly.
Methods & Materials In this cross-sectional study, 96 elderly of Jahandidegan Centers in Tehran City were enrolled using convenient sampling. They completed Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multivariate regression through stepwise method.
Results There was a negative and meaningful relationship between forgiveness of self (r=-0.32, P<0.01), forgiveness of others (r=-0.25, P<0.05) and forgiveness of uncontrollable situations (r=-.38, P<0.01) with depression in the elderly. Also forgiveness of uncontrollable situations (β=-0.33) and forgiveness of self (β=-0.26) have a more determining role in predicting depression (P<0.01).
Conclusion Inability to forgive is associated with psychological vulnerability among the elderly; so, it is recommended that therapeutic models of enhancing forgiveness to be considered for the emotional problems of elderly people

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2014/12/10 | Accepted: 2015/03/05 | Published: 2015/04/01

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