Volume 16, Issue 2 (Summer 2021)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2021, 16(2): 202-217 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Department of Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Aging Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran. , ahmad_1128@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1359 Views)

Objectives: Frailty syndrome is one of the most important geriatric syndromes that imposes high psychological and financial costs on the elderly, their families and health system. This study aims to determine the factors associated with frailty in older adults living in Khuzestan province of Iran
Methods & Materials: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2019 on 540 older adults in Khuzestan province who were selected by a multistage random sampling method. Data collection tools include a demographic form, Deficit accumulation Frailty Index, Wax’s Social Support Scale and the Geriatric Depression Scale. Collected data were analyzed using Spearman correlation test, chi-square test and sequential logistic regression analysis.
Results: The Mean±SD age of participants was 72.61±8.72 years and 65.6% were women. Around 10.4% were frail and 25.6% were pre-frail. Frailty was higher among older women with higher age, lower education, without social support, with depression, living alone, single, with a history of taking high number of medications, and with a history of hospitalization (P<0.001). Frailty was lower in older men with lower age, a history of taking less than 5 medications, no depression, and high social support (P<0.005).
Conclusion: The consequences of frailty syndrome can be reduced by early identification of frail older adults and using appropriate interventions based on risk factors such as polypharmacy and low social support.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2020/08/11 | Accepted: 2021/01/05 | Published: 2021/07/01

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