Volume 16, Issue 2 (Summer - In press 2021)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2021, 16(2): 8-8 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghorbani M, Salehabadi R, Mahdavifar N, Rad M. Factors Related to Nurses' Attitudes Toward Caring of Elders: The Predictive Role of Altruism, Moral Intelligence, Life Satisfaction and General Health. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2021; 16 (2) :8-8
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2127-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
2- Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery School, Iranian Research Center on Healthy Aging, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
3- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
4- Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery School, Iranian Research Center on Healthy Aging, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran. , mostafarad633@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1298 Views)
Background and Aim: Nurses' attitudes affect their preference for working with the elderly as well as the quality of care. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors related to nurses' attitudes toward caring of elders and the predictive role of altruism, moral intelligence, life satisfaction and general health in Sabzevar hospitals in 2019..
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was performed on 265 randomly selected nurses in Sabzevar hospitals in 2019. Data were collected using demographic information questionnaire, Kogan Attitudes Toward Old People Scale , lennick and kiel moral intelligence questionnaire, Carlo's altruism questionnaire, Diner's Satisfaction With Life Scale , and General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28). Data were analyzed via descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation and frequency) and inferential statistics (correlation coefficient, linear regression, and independent t-test) using SPSS software version 16. A significance level of 0.05 was considered.
Results: The mean age of participants was 33.10±7.17. Nurses had a positive attitude toward the care of the elderlies. The mean score of nurses' attitudes was 155.39 ± 17.74. There was no significant relationship between nurses' attitudes and variables such as age, sex, marital status, education, work experience, place of work, and general health of nurses (P Value> 0/05). The results of multivariate regression model showed that the factors of moral intelligence (P = 0.01), altruism (P = 0.008) and life satisfaction (P = 0.03) had a significant relationship with nurses' attitudes toward caring for the elderly.
Conclusion: Since the attitude of nurses to elders care is predictable with moral intelligence, altruism and life satisfaction. It seems that the evaluation of these characteristics in nurses who provide services to the elderly can positively affect to their attitudes and prevent phenomena such as age discrimination.
Full-Text [PDF 1017 kb]   (513 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2020/10/29 | Accepted: 2020/11/29 | Published: 2021/07/13

References
1. Artishedar A, Agha Jamaat M, Ghahremani Z. Attitudes toward Elderly among Nurses working in Medical-Surgical Wards in Zanjan hospitals, 2012. Preventive Care in Nursing and Midwifery Journal. 2015;4(2):81-90.
2. Mohammadi S, Nakhaei N, Borhani F, Roshanzadeh M. Moral intelligence in nursing: a cross-sectional study in East of Iran. Medical Ethics and History of Medicine. 2013;6(5):57-66.
3. Mahmoodi A, Khani L, Ghaffari M. The relationship between moral intelligence and altruism with nurses 'attitudes to rights of patients. Journal of Nursong Education. 2016;5(2):49-56.
4. Arab M, Mohammadalizade S, Haghdoost A. Staff nurses knowledge of aging process and their attitude toward elder people. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2008;21(55):19-27.
5. Doherty M, Mitchell EA, O'Neill S. Attitudes of Healthcare Workers towards Older People in a Rural Population: A Survey Using the Kogan Scale. Nursing Research and Practice. 2011;2011:352627. [DOI:10.1155/2011/352627]
6. São José JMS, Amado CAF, Ilinca S, Buttigieg SC, Taghizadeh Larsson A. Ageism in health care: a systematic review of operational definitions and inductive conceptualizations. The Gerontologist. 2019;59(2):e98-e108. [DOI:10.1093/geront/gnx020]
7. Soleimaninejad A, Abolfathi Momtaz Y, Taheri Tanjani P. The Relationship between Gender and Attitudes toward Older Adults among Medical Science Students of Tehran City University. JNKUMS. 2018;10(3):21-8.
8. Mohammadi MM, Esmaeilivand M. Attitudes toward caring of the elderly from the perspective of nursing and midwifery students in Kermanshah Province in 2015. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2017;11(4):476-83. [DOI:10.21859/sija-1104476]
9. Allen JO. Ageism as a risk factor for chronic disease. The Gerontologist. 2015;56(4):610-4. [DOI:10.1093/geront/gnu158]
10. São José JMS, Amado CAF, Ilinca S, Buttigieg SC, Taghizadeh Larsson A. Ageism in health care: a systematic review of operational definitions and inductive conceptualizations. The Gerontologist. 2017;59(2):e98-e108. [DOI:10.1093/geront/gnx020]
11. Mehri S, Hosseini MA, Fallahi-Khoshknab M, Mohammadi Shahbelaghi F, Akbari Zardkhaneh S. Clarification of Ageism in the Care System. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2020;15(1):27-14. [DOI:10.32598/sija.2020.3.170]
12. Soleimaninejad A, Abolfathi Momtaz Y, Taheri Tanjani P. The Relationship between Gender and Attitudes toward Older Adults among Medical Science Students of Tehran City University. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. 2018;10(3):21-8.
13. Doherty M, Mitchell EA, O'Neill S. Attitudes of healthcare workers towards older people in a rural population: A survey using the Kogan Scale. Nursing research and practice. 2011;2011. [DOI:10.1155/2011/352627]
14. Sanagoo A, Bazyar A, Chehrehgosha M, Gharanjic S, Noroozi M, Pakravan Far S. People attitude toward elderly in Golestan province, 2009. JGBFNM. 2012;8(2):24-9.
15. Ghaffari M. The Relationship Moral Intelligence and altruism with nurses Attitude to the rights of patients. Journal of Nursing Education. 2016;5(2):49-56.
16. Khajavi Z, Vaezzadeh N, Mousavinasab SN, Azimi Lolaty H. Relationship between Ethical Intelligence and Professional Behavior in Nurses. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2020;30(185):86-95.
17. Hosainabadi Z, Veisani Y, Hosainabadi P, Mohamadian F. Relationship between quality of life and job satisfaction in staffs of Ilam University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2018;5(1):12-9.
18. Stenhagen M, Ekström H, Nordell E, Elmståhl S. Accidental falls, health-related quality of life and life satisfaction: a prospective study of the general elderly population. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics. 2014;58(1):95-100. [DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2013.07.006]
19. Khamisa N, Oldenburg B, Peltzer K, Ilic D. Work Related Stress, Burnout, Job Satisfaction and General Health of Nurses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015;12(1):652-66. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph120100652]
20. Alizadeh H, Jabbarzadeh S, Mahmoudi Z, Ara F. Comparative Analysis of General Health and Life Satisfaction among Special and General Wards. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2017;30(105):80-9. [DOI:10.29252/ijn.30.105.80]
21. Rejeh N, HERAVI‐KARIMOOI M, Montazeri A, Foroughan M, Vaismoradi M. Psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Kogan's attitudes toward older people scale. Japan Journal of Nursing Science. 2012;9(2):216-22. [DOI:10.1111/j.1742-7924.2012.00204.x]
22. Kajbaaf M, Sajadian I, Nouri A. Surveying factor structure, validity and rating scale of favourable social trends among students. Journal of Applied Society. 2010;38(2):101-18.
23. Mostafaei A, Ghaderi D. Relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological capital with life satisfaction in elderly. Journal of Gerontology. 2019;3(3):51-8. [DOI:10.29252/joge.3.3.51]
24. Bayani AA, Koocheky AM, Goodarzi H. The reliability and validity of the satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Iranian psychologists. 2007;3(11):259-60.
25. Taghavi S. Validity and reliability of the general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) in college students of Shiraz University. Journal of psychology. 2002;5(4):381-98.
26. Artishedar A, Agha Jamaat M, Ghahremani Z. Attitudes toward Elderly among Nurses working in Medical-Surgical Wards in Zanjan hospitals, 2012. Preventive Care in Nursing & Midwifery Journal. 2015;4(2):81-90.
27. Adibelli D, Kılıç D. Difficulties experienced by nurses in older patient care and their attitudes toward the older patients. Nurse education today. 2013;33(9):1074-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2012.04.002]
28. Hamedanizadeh F, Motahedian Tabrizi E, Sarhangi F, Zigheymat F. A study of attitude among nurses to nursing care of old patients. KOWSAR MEDICAL JOURNAL. 2008;13(2):253-8.
29. Arani MM, Aazami S, Azami M, Borji M. Assessing attitudes toward elderly among nurses working in the city of Ilam. International journal of nursing sciences. 2017;4(3):311-3. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2017.06.009]
30. Sharafi H, Khonji A, Rooshenas Z, Rezaei F. The attitude of nurses working in educational hospitals of Bandar Abbas University of Medical Sciences toward the Elderly-2017. Journal of Development Strategies in Medical Education. 2018;5(1):34-41.
31. Gholizadeh A, Jafar Jalal E, Haghani H. Attitude of Nurses toward the Care of Elderly Patients with Delirium and the Infleuntial Factors in the Teaching Hospitals Affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences (2017). Iran Journal of Nursing. 2018;31(114):49-64. [DOI:10.29252/ijn.31.114.49]
32. Söderhamn O, Lindencrona C, Ek A-C. Ability for self-care among home dwelling elderly people in a health district in Sweden. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2000;37(4):361-8. [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(00)00015-8]
33. Hosseini Seresht A, Nasiri Ziba F, Kermani A, Hosseini F. Assesment of Nursing Students and Clinial Nurses' Attitude Toward Elderly Care. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2006;19(45):57-67.
34. Sotoodeh H, Shakerinia I, Kheyrati M, Dargahi S, Ghasemi Jobaneh R. Surveying the relationship between spiritual and moral intelligence and the psychological well-being of nurses. Iranian Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine. 2016;9(1):63-73.
35. Mohamadi J, Ghazanfari F, Azizi A. Relationship between moral intelligence and nurses' quality of work life. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2014;27(90):54-64. [DOI:10.29252/ijn.27.90.91.54]
36. Alavi A, Zargham-Boroujeni A, Yousefy A, Bahrami M. Altruism, the values dimension of caring self-efficacy concept in Iranian pediatric nurses. Journal of education and health promotion. 2017;6:8. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_142_14. [DOI:10.4103/jehp.jehp_142_14]
37. van der Wath A, van Wyk N. A hermeneutic literature review to conceptualise altruism as a value in nursing. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences. 2020;34(3):575-84. [DOI:10.1111/scs.12771]
38. Nasrabadi AN, Forooshani ZSD, Rafiee F. Altruism the essense of the iranian nurses' job satisfaction: a qualitative study. Global journal of health science. 2016;8(8):13. [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v8n8p13]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb