Articles In Press                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Student Research Committee, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
3- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. ,
Abstract:   (317 Views)
Objective: One way to improve the social participation of the elderly is paying attention to environmental adaptation, providing safety, and increasing the independence of the elderly in places they travel. Due to the rapid growth of the elderly population in Iran and also the important role of mosques as one of the main religious-spiritual bases for the elderly, conducting studies to determine the structural components of mosques from the perspective of gerontology and ergonomics are limited. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explanation of structural suitability components of age-friendly mosques.
Methods & Material: The present study has been done with a qualitative approach and using the content analysis method in 2020. The study population consisted of the elderly who came to the mosques of Babol city who had the ability to communicate effectively and were interested in participate in the research. The selection of mosques as a research environment was based on the geographical distribution (in four regions of north, south, east, and west of Babol). The data collection method was in-depth and semi-structured interviews, and continued until the information saturation was reached. Each interview was transcribed immediately after the interview and then analyzed according to Kvale's step by step method.
Results: In this study was interviewed with 18 elderly people aged 61 to 72 years (66.33±2.99) that 13 of them (72.22%) were female. The data of this study were divided into five main categories and eighteen subcategories, which demonstrate the structural suitability components of age-friendly mosques. Extracted main categories were included outdoor environment, indoor environment, equipment, having basic welfare amenities and internal facilities.
Conclusions: The findings of this study showed the perception of elderly about barriers and structural problems of the elderly in using the mosque environment. The recognized components in this study can help identify, prioritize needs and select the type of interventions in the mosque environment appropriate to the characteristics of the elderly.
Full-Text [PDF 834 kb]   (164 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Religious
Received: 2020/12/24 | Accepted: 2021/03/09

1. Mirzaie M, Darabi S. Population aging in iran and rising health care costs. Salmand: iranian journal of ageing. 2017;12(2):156-69. [DOI:10.21859/sija-1202156]
2. Zhong H. The impact of population aging on income inequality in developing countries: Evidence from rural China. China economic review. 2011;22(1):98-107. [DOI:10.1016/j.chieco.2010.09.003]
3. Tanjani PT, Motlagh ME, Nazar MM, Najafi F. The health status of the elderly population of Iran in 2012. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics. 2015;60(2):281-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.01.004] [PMID]
4. Miri N, Maddah M, Raghfar H. Aging and economic growth. Iranian journal of ageing. 2019;13(5):626-37. [DOI:10.32598/SIJA.13.Special-Issue.626]
5. Mansour Hosseini N, javan forouzande a. The role of physical-semantic components of residential public spaces in accommodating the elderly (case study: ekbatan residential complex). Hoviatshahr. 2018;12(1):61-74.
6. Borhaninejad V, Shati M, Bhalla D, Iranpour A, Fadayevatan R. A population-based survey to determine association of perceived social support and self-efficacy with self-care among elderly with diabetes mellitus (Kerman City, Iran). The International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 2017;85(4):504-17. [DOI:10.1177/0091415016689474] [PMID]
7. Mohseni M, Iranpour A, Naghibzadeh-Tahami A, Kazazi L, Borhaninejad V. The relationship between meaning in life and resilience in older adults: a cross-sectional study. 2019. [DOI:10.5114/hpr.2019.85659]
8. Cho J, Martin P, Poon LW, Study GC. Successful aging and subjective well-being among oldest-old adults. The Gerontologist. 2015;55(1):132-43. [DOI:10.1093/geront/gnu074] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Bernhold QS, Gasiorek J, Giles H. Communicative predictors of older adults' successful aging, mental health, and alcohol use. The international journal of aging and human development. 2020;90(2):107-34. [DOI:10.1177/0091415018784715] [PMID]
10. Stephens C, Flick U. Health and ageing challenges for health psychology research. Journal of health psychology. 2010;15(5):643-8. [DOI:10.1177/1359105310368178] [PMID]
11. Jeste DV, Blazer II DG, Buckwalter KC, Cassidy K-LK, Fishman L, Gwyther LP, et al. Age-friendly communities initiative: public health approach to promoting successful aging. The american journal of geriatric psychiatry. 2016;24(12):1158-70. [DOI:10.1016/j.jagp.2016.07.021] [PMID]
12. Olfat M, Sharghi A, Zarghami E. Studying the structural equation modeling (sem) of sustainable age-friendly city indexes in tehran. journal of sustainable architecture and urban Design. 2017;5(1):61-74.
13. Pourjafar MR, Taghvaee AA, Bemanian MR, Sadeghi AR, Ahmadi F. Effective environmental aspects of public spaces formation to achieve successful aging with emphasis on elderly preferences of shiraz. Salmand: iranian journal of ageing. 2010;5(1):0-.
14. Sadat SA, Taher Tolou Del MS. The factors contributing to the livability of inhabitants of residential spaces. journal of sustainable architecture and urban design. 2017;5(1):47-60.
15. Abdi Zarin S, Akbarian M. Successful aging under religious believes. Salmand: iranian journal of ageing. 2007;2(2):293-9.
16. Rahmanpour MS, Tirgar A, Ebadi A, Sum S, Nikpour M. Determining the components of the structural characteristics assessment tool for the age-friendly hospitals. Journal of gerontology. 2019;4(1):1-10. [DOI:10.29252/joge.4.1.1]
17. Bastani P, Dehghani M, Ahmadi Marzaleh M. Assessing shiraz pharmacies according to senior-friendly criteria. Salmand: iranian journal of ageing. 2017;12(1):116-23. [DOI:10.21859/sija-1201116]
18. Sadeghi F, Kaldi A, Sahaf R. Elderly people and their family care explanation of their experience from age-friendly city of tabriz. Salmand: iranian journal of ageing. 2012;6(1):41-51.
19. O'Brien BC, Harris IB, Beckman TJ, Reed DA, Cook DA. Standards for reporting qualitative research: a synthesis of recommendations. Academic medicine. 2014;89(9):1245-51. [DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000388] [PMID]
20. Sayrs L. Interviews: An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. American journal of evaluation. 1998;19(2). [DOI:10.1177/109821409801900217]
21. Rezapour Nasrabad R. Criteria of validity and reliability in qualitative research. Journal of qualitative research in health sciences. 2018;6(4):493-9.
22. Global age-friendly cities: A guide. United States: World Health Organization; 2007.
23. Steels S. Key characteristics of age-friendly cities and communities: A review. Cities. 2015;47(1):45-52. [DOI:10.1016/j.cities.2015.02.004]
24. Bloomberg M, Quinn C. Age-friendly nyc: enhancing our city's livability for older new yorkers. New York. 2009;1(1):1-136. [DOI:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.05415.x] [PMID]
25. Fields NL, Adorno G, Magruder K, Parekh R, Felderhoff BJ. Age-friendly cities: the role of churches. Journal of religion, spirituality & aging. 2016;28(3):264-78. [DOI:10.1080/15528030.2016.1155526]
26. Roff LL, Klemmack DL, Simon C, Cho GW, Parker MW, Koenig HG, et al. Functional limitations and religious service attendance among african american and white older adults. Health & social work. 2006;31(4):246-55. [DOI:10.1093/hsw/31.4.246] [PMID]
27. Tirrito T, Spencer-Amado J. Older adults' willingness to use social services in places of worship. Journal of religious gerontology. 2000;11(2):29-42. [DOI:10.1300/J078v11n02_03]
28. Sahaf R, Sadeghi F, Kaldi A. Elderly people and their family care explanation of their experience from age-friendly city of Tabriz. Iranian journal of ageing. 2012;6:41-51.
29. Mohammadi Z, Tirgar A, Sum S. Assessment of the suitability of the structure of mosques in the light of the elderly's needs. Journal of religion and health. 2018;4(2).
30. Plouffe L, Kalache A. Towards global age-friendly cities: determining urban features that promote active aging. Journal of urban health. 2010;87(5):733-9. [DOI:10.1007/s11524-010-9466-0] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Dawa SZ, Wan Nor Liza M, Marizan M, Daruis Dian Darina I, Shahrol M, Razak Farah Atikah A, et al. Wudu'workstation design for elderly and disabled people in Malaysia's mosques. Iranian journal of public health. 2016;45(1):114-24.
32. Cnaan RA, Boddie SC, Kang JJ. Religious congregations as social services providers for older adults. Journal of gerontological social work. 2005;45(1-2):105-30. [DOI:10.1300/J083v45n01_07] [PMID]
33. Fitzgerald KG, Caro FG. An overview of age-friendly cities and communities around the world. Journal of aging & social policy. 2014;26(1-2):1-18. [DOI:10.1080/08959420.2014.860786] [PMID]
34. Zhou YY, Zhu WD. Study on subjective evaluation of comfort of lighting environment in nursing institutions. Applied mechanics and materials. 2017;858(1):262-6. [DOI:10.4028/]
35. Luciano A, Pascale F, Polverino F, Pooley A. Measuring age-friendly housing: a framework. Sustainability. 2020;12(3):848. [DOI:10.3390/su12030848]
36. James B, Saville-Smith MK, Jaques MR, editors. Tools for good homes for ageing in place. 6th australasian housing researchers' conference; 2012; Adelaide, South Australia: The university of adelaide.
37. Crowther MR, Parker MW, Achenbaum WA, Larimore WL, Koenig HG. Rowe and Kahn's model of successful aging revisited: Positive spirituality: The forgotten factor. The gerontologist. 2002;42(5):613-20. [DOI:10.1093/geront/42.5.613] [PMID]
38. Lean OK, Zailani S, Ramayah T, Fernando Y. Factors influencing intention to use e-government services among citizens in Malaysia. International journal of information management. 2009;29(6):458-75. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2009.03.012]
39. Fässberg MM, Orden KAv, Duberstein P, Erlangsen A, Lapierre S, Bodner E, et al. A systematic review of social factors and suicidal behavior in older adulthood. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2012;9(3):722-45. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph9030722] [PMID] [PMCID]
40. Zabetian E, Taghvaei AA. Elderly friendly cities through people participation. journal of housing and rural environment. 2009;28(128):60-71.
41. Rashmi M, Kasthuri A, Rodrigues R. Senior friendly hospitals: development and application of criteria: a descriptive study. Indian journal of community medicine: official publication of indian association of preventive & social medicine. 2016;41(4):256. [DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.193334] [PMID] [PMCID]
42. Zarghami E, Sharghi A, Olfat M. Environmental features affecting the quality of life among elderly residents in nursing homes, case study: shemiranat area in tehran province. Journal of iranian architecture studies. 2015;1(7):111-26.
43. Rahmanpour MS, Ebadi A, Tirgar A. The necessity of ergonomic considerations in accreditation of hospitals with emphasize on elderly features. Iranian journal of ergonomics. 2018;6(3):1-10. [DOI:10.30699/jergon.6.3.1]
44. Mackenzie L, Curryer C, Byles JE. Narratives of home and place: findings from the housing and independent living study. Ageing and Society. 2015;35(8):1684. [DOI:10.1017/S0144686X14000476]
45. Lavery AL. Aging in place: perceptions of older adults on low income housing waitlists. Electronic theses and dissertations. 2015;365(1):125-39.

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.