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1- Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
3- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran. , ammotalebi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (360 Views)
Introduction: Fear has been one of the most frequent emotions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Older people are at risk for severe COVID-19 infection. Spiritual-wellbeing can play an important role in patients' coping and adaptation to stressful conditions related to disorders. Therefore, the present study was aimed to determine the predictive role of spiritual-wellbeing on reducing the fear of COVID-19 among older adults residing in Qazvin, Iran.
Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 older adults in 2021. Cluster sampling method was used to select eligible older adults. Accordingly, first Qazvin city was divided into 3 urban areas. Then, from each district, the eligible older adults were selected from public places. Data were collected using the demographic checklist, Fear of Covid-19 Scale and Palutzian and Ellison Spiritual Health questionnaire. The multivariate regression model was used to determine the predictors of fear of Covid-19.
Results:  The mean age of 400 older adults who participated in this study was 69.70 ± 6.99 years old. The rate of fear of COVID-19 among older participants was at a high level (MD= 22/00±8/82). The results of analysis showed that gender (β=0.186, p=0.001), hypertension (β=0.130, p=0.006), diabetes mellitus (β=0.097, p=0.037), stroke (β=0.091, p=0.048), level of education (β=-0.142, p=0.007), financial status (β=0.145, p=0.007), and spiritual wellbeing (β=-0.117, p=0.013) were predictors of fear of COVID-19.
Conclusions: The results of the present study showed the important role of education, chronic diseases, financial status, and spiritual-wellbeing in predicting fear of Covid-19 among older adults. Therefore, the implementation of spiritual care programs can be an appropriate approach for reducing the fear and anxiety of the older adults in the Covid-19 epidemic.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2021/10/14 | Accepted: 2022/01/12

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