Articles In Press                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


1- MSc student of Elderly Health, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Professor of Health Education & Health Promotion, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- PhD Student of Health Education & Health Promotion, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor of Health Education & Health Promotion, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Assistant Professor of Health Education & Health Promotion, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , s_rakhshanderou@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (174 Views)
Introduction and Aim: The great importance of self-care ability in the elderly to improve their physical and mental health has led to the most direct intervention in this regard to assess the status of self-care ability and its relationship with one of the most important health indicators, namely nutritional status. This study aimed to determine the impact of self-care ability on nutritional status of the elderly in Tehran in 2009 years.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical correlation study, 420 elderly people referred to the health centers of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences were studied who included in the study by two-stage cluster sampling. The data gathering tool in this study was a three-part questionnaire including demographic information, Self-Care Ability Scale for Elderly (SASE) including 40 questions, and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA); contained 18 items. Inclusion criteria were willingness to participate in the study, age 60 years and older, literacy, ability to communicate and collaborate in the study, no cognitive impairment and exclusion criteria were incomplete completion of the questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 using descriptive and inferential statistical tests of Spearman correlation and Structural Equation Model via using model fit indices under EQS6. 1 software.
Results: Among the elderly people, 65.7% were in the desired level in terms of self-care capacity and 34.3% were in the middle level. In terms of nutrition, 65% of the elderly people were normal, 26.4% were Exposed to malnutrition. The highest mean and SD of nutritional status and self-care status were obtained in the elderly between the ages of 70-74 and 65-69 years (21.47±3.98) (87.51±6.64). The results of the study of the relationship between the dimensions of self-care and nutritional status showed that self-care with an intensity of 71% affected the nutritional status of elderly people. According to the indices obtained in the structural equation model RMR and RMSEA, less than 0.08 and other fitting indices were 0.90 and higher.
Conclusion: According to the findings, considering the appropriate level of self-care and nutritional ability of the elderly and the impact of its socio-individual factors on self-care status, purposeful planning to improve quality of life, especially nutritional quality and self-care, is important.
Full-Text [PDF 1403 kb]   (82 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2021/12/02 | Accepted: 2022/02/09

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb