دوره 13، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1397 )                   جلد 13 شماره 1 صفحات 50-61 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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1- گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی و تربیتی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.
2- گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی و تربیتی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران. ، zahra.r3606@gmail.com
چکیده:   (1761 مشاهده)

اهداف سالمندشدن جمعیت پدیده‌ای رو به افزایش است. در این سنین کاهش روابط اجتماعی بر نحوه زندگی و میزان رضایت از زندگی تأثیر می‌گذارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه حمایت اجتماعی و جهت‌گیری مذهبی با رضایت از زندگی در سالمندان انجام شد.
مواد و روش ها روش این مطالعه توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی سالمندان ساکن در خانه سالمندان شهرکرمانشاه در سال 1395 بود که 126 نفر (میانگین76/69 و انحراف استاندارد 9) به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع‌آوری شامل پرسش‌نامه‌های حمایت اجتماعی فیلیپس و همکاران (1986)، جهت‌گیری مذهبی آلپورت و راس (1967) و رضایت از زندگی داینر و همکاران (1985) بود. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون هم‌زمان و نرم‌افزارآماری SPSS استفاده شد.
یافته ها نتایج بیانگر آن است که بین متغیر جهت‌گیری مذهبی با رضایت از زندگی در سطح 05/0P< رابطه وجود داشت و بین جهت‌گیری مذهبی بیرونی با رضایت از زندگی 077/0، جهت‌گیری درونی با رضایت از زندگی 249/0 در سطح 05/0P< همبستگی وجود داشت. میزان ارتباط جهت‌گیری درونی با حمایت اجتماعی 708/0 و جهت‌گیری بیرونی با حمایت اجتماعی 374/0 در سطح 05/0P< بود. بین حمایت اجتماعی و رضایت از زندگی رابطه وجود نداشت. جهت‌گیری مذهبی درونی، جهت‌گیری مذهبی بیرونی و حمایت اجتماعی قادر به پیش‌بینی واریانس رضایت از زندگی بود (R2=11%)
نتیجه گیری با توجه به نیازی که سالمندان به حمایت اطرافیان دارند، با افزایش حمایت اجتماعی از این افراد و پایبندی آن‌ها به گرایش‌های مذهبی می‌توان برای ارتقای رضایت از زندگی آن‌ها گامی مؤثر برداشت.

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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: بالینی
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۴/۲۴ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۹/۱۲ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۱/۱۲

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