Volume 12, Issue 3 (12-2017)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2017, 12(3): 300-311 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Karami J, Moradi A, Hatamian P. The Effect of Resilience, Self-Efficacy, and Social Support on Job Satisfaction Among the Employed, Middle-Aged and Elderly. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2017; 12 (3) :300-311
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1289-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Education, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Education, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran. , hatamian152@gmail.com
Abstract:   (10252 Views)

Objectives Job satisfaction is defined as the level of fulfillment employees feel about their work, which can affect performance to a great extent. Given the importance of job satisfaction among middle-aged and elderly, this study aims to investigate the relationship between resilience, self-efficacy, and social support with job satisfaction among middle-aged and elderly population in Kermanshah, Iran.
Methods & Materials The study population consisted of all working middle-aged and elderly in Kermanshah in the year 2016. A total of 240 people (including 160 male and 80 female with age ranging between 50-75 with average 66.87) were selected through convenience sampling. Research data was used collected through the following questionnaires: General Self-Efficacy (GSE-10), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), Specter’s Job Satisfaction Scale (JSS), and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS).
Results Data analysis was performed using correlation and regression analysis. The results showed a positive relationship between self-efficacy and resilience and job satisfaction. A significant positive relationship was also found between social support and job satisfaction among middle-aged and elderly.
Conclusion According to the findings of this study, it can be concluded that self-efficacy, resiliency, and social support are predictor variables that be used to predict job satisfaction in the middle-aged and elderly.

Full-Text [PDF 3710 kb]   (4738 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (5788 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Social Welfare
Received: 2017/03/22 | Accepted: 2017/07/09 | Published: 2017/10/07

1. Human HA. Developed and standardized to measure job satisfaction. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research. 2001; 28-38.
2. Warr P, Inceoglu I. Job engagement, job satisfaction, and contrasting associations with person–job fit. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2012; 17(2):129–38. doi: 10.1037/a0026859 [DOI:10.1037/a0026859]
3. Yang K, Kassekert A. Linking management reform with employee job satisfaction: Evidence from federal agencies. Journal of Public Administration Re-search and Theory. 2010; 20(2):413–36. doi: 10.1093/jopart/mup010 [DOI:10.1093/jopart/mup010]
4. Che Rose R, Beh L, Uli J, Idris K. An analysis of quality of work life (QWL) and career- related variables. American Journal of Applied Sciences. 2006; 3(12):2151–9. doi: 10.3844/ajassp.2006.2151.2159 [DOI:10.3844/ajassp.2006.2151.2159]
5. Dawal SZM, Taha Z. Job satisfaction model for manufacturing industry: Focus on ergonomics and human factors in work design. Paper Presented at: The 2009 IEEE Toronto International Conference Science and Technology for Humanity. 26-27 September 2009; Toronto, Canada. [DOI:10.1109/TIC-STH.2009.5444498]
6. Luthans F, Youssef CM. Emerging positive organizational behavior. 2007; 33(3):321–49. doi: 10.1177/0149206307300814 [DOI:10.1177/0149206307300814]
7. Veissi M, Atefvahid MK, Rezaee M. [Job stress, job satisfaction and mental health: The balancing effects of personal hardiness and social support network factors (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology. 2000; 6(2 and 3):70-79.
8. Kobasa SC, Puccetti MC. Personality and social resources in stress resistance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1983; 45(4):839–50. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.45.4.839 [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.45.4.839]
9. Inzlicht M, Aronson J, Good C, McKay L. A particular resiliency to threatening environments. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2006; 42(3):323–36. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2005.05.005 [DOI:10.1016/j.jesp.2005.05.005]
10. Florian V, Mikulincer M, Taubman O. Does hardiness contribute to mental health during a stressful real-life situation? The roles of appraisal and coping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1995; 68(4):687–95. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.68.4.687 [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.68.4.687]
11. Brooks MV. Health-related hardiness and chronic illness: A synthesis of current research. Nursing Forum. 2003; 38(3):11–20. doi: 10.1111/j.0029-6473.2003.00011.x [DOI:10.1111/j.0029-6473.2003.00011.x]
12. Friborg O, Hjemdal O, Rosenvinge JH, Martinussen M, Aslaksen PM, Flaten MA. Resilience as a moderator of pain and stress. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2006; 61(2):213–9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2005.12.007 [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2005.12.007]
13. Ghadiri I, Baize, MH. [Investigating the relation between resilience and excitement with burnout in police women (Persian)]. Danesh-e Entezamiy-e Khora-san Razavi. 2014; 53-78.
14. George MJ, Gareth RM. Understanding and managing organizational behavior. London: Pearson; 2011.
15. Siu OL, Hui CH, Phillips DR, Lin L, Wong T, Shi K. A study of resiliency among Chinese health care workers: Capacity to cope with workplace stress. Journal of Research in Personality. 2009; 43(5):770–6. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.06.008 [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.06.008]
16. Zahid A, Namvar E, Nowbakht Sh. [Relation of job satisfaction to self-efficiency of Meshkinshahr guidance school teachers (Persian)]. Amoozesh va Ar-zeshyabi. 2010; 2(8)107-128.
17. Bandura A. Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall; 1986
18. Ozer EM, Adams SH, Gardner LR, Mailloux DE, Wibbelsman CJ, Irwin CE. Provider self-efficacy and the screening of adolescents for risky health behav-iors. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2004; 35(2):101-7. doi: 10.1016/s1054-139x(03)00536-6 [DOI:10.1016/S1054-139X(03)00536-6]
19. Bandura, A. Cultivate self-efficacy for personal and organizal effectiveness. In: Locke E, editor. Handbook of Principles of Organizational Behavior: Indis-pensable Knowledge for Evidence-Based Management. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons; 2009. [PMCID]
20. Abdeli Soltan-Ahmadi J, Eisazadegan A, Gholami MT, Mahmodi H, Amani J. [The relationship between collective efficacy beliefs and self-efficacy with job satisfaction of secondary school male teachers in Qom (Persian)]. Quarterly Journal of Career & Organizational Counseling. 2012; 4(10):105-124.
21. Kim HS, Sherman DK, Taylor SE. Culture and social support. American Psychologist. 2008; 63(6):518–26. doi: 10.1037/0003-066x [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X]
22. Orozco V. Ethnic identity, perceived social support, coping strategies, university environment, cultural congruity, and resilience of Latina college students [PhD thesis]. Ohio: Ohio State University; 2007.
23. Hosseini SZ, Vansofla KP, Mirzaian B. [Relationship between job stress and social support in prediction of job satisfaction in the recruits of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (Persian)]. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2016; 25(134):335-339.
24. Sinokki M, Hinkka K, Ahola K, Koskinen S, Kivimäki M, Honkonen T, et al. The association of social support at work and in private life with mental health and antidepressant use: The Health 2000 Study. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2009; 115(1-2):36–45. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2008.07.009 [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2008.07.009]
25. McLean J, Andrew T. Commitment, satisfaction, stress and control among social service mangers and social workers in the UK. Administration in Social Work. 2003; 23(3-4):93–117. doi: 10.1300/j147v23n03_06 [DOI:10.1300/J147v23n03_06]
26. Harris J, Irene A, Movies A. Relationship between social support, job satisfaction, and health job satisfaction. Social Work Education. 2007; 29(5):446-460.
27. Jayaratne S, Chess WA. Job satisfaction and turnover among social work administrators: a national survey. Administration in social work. 1983; 7(2):11-22. doi: 10.1300/J147v07n02_02 [DOI:10.1300/J147v07n02_02]
28. Schwarzer R, Born A. Optimistic self-beliefs: Assessment of general perceived self-efficacy in thirteen cultures. World Psychology. 1997; 3(1-2):177-90.
29. Rajabi G,. [Reliability and validity of General Self-Efficacy beliefs scale (GSE-10) in psychology students of the faculty of educational sciences and psy-chology of Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz and Marvdasht Azad University (Persian)]. Quarterly Journal of New Thoughts on Education. 2006; 2(1, 2):111-22.
30. Connor KM, Davidson JRT. Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety. 2003; 18(2):76–82. doi: 10.1002/da.10113 [DOI:10.1002/da.10113]
31. Samani S, Jookar B, sahragard N. [Resiliency, mental health and life satisfaction (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2007; 13(3):295-290
32. Zimet G, Powell S, Farley G, Werkman S, Berkoff K. Psychometric characteristics of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Per-sonality Assessment. 1990; 55(3):610–7. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa5503&4_17 [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa5503&4_17]
33. Edwards LM. Measuring perceived social support in Mexican American Youth: Psychometric properties of the Multidimesional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2004; 26(2):187–94. doi: 10.1177/0739986304264374 [DOI:10.1177/0739986304264374]
34. VanSaane N, Sluiter JK, Verbeek JH, Frings-Dresen MH. Reliability and validity of instruments measuring job satisfaction – a systematic review. Occupa-tional Medicine. 2003; 53(3):191-200. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqg038 [DOI:10.1093/occmed/kqg038]
35. Keshavarz L, Sarkhosh S. [Considering the relationship between managers` career self-efficacy and staff organizational commitment with costumers` satisfac-tion in Kerman province youth and sport general office (Persian)]. Journal of Applied Research in Sport Management, 2013; 1(4):11-19
36. Asgari P, Naderi F, Hekel k. [Relationship between personality characteristics and social support with job satisfaction of female teachers in Ahwaz (Per-sian)]. Zan Va Farhang. 2010; 1(1):69-80.
37. Asgari P. [Relationship between job stress and social support with job satisfaction in National Drilling Company employees (Persian)]. Journal of Social Psychology. 2009; 5(14):37-52

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb