Volume 11, Issue 4 (3-2017)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2017, 11(4): 538-549 | Back to browse issues page

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Sohrabi M, Abedanzade R, Shetab Boushehri N, Parsaei S, Jahanbakhsh H. The Relationship between Psychological Well-being and Mental Toughness Among Elders: Mediator Role of Physical Activity. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2017; 11 (4) :538-549
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1183-en.html
1- Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Department of Sports Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
3- Department of Sports Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran. , sajadparsaei93@gmail.com
Abstract:   (7849 Views)

Objectives In recent years, psychology and psychotherapy have received particular attention, especially with regard to the elderly. As a direct consequence of the growing number of mental disorders among the elderly, it has become more important to identify factors affecting the mental health of the elderly. The purpose of this research was to study the relationship between psychological well-being and mental toughness among elders, with physical activity playing the mediator role.
Methods & Materials This research is a descriptive correlational study. The study subjects included 217 active and non-active elderly people (average age 65.38±3.12 y) selected through a purposeful sampling method. They completed international physical activity, psychological well-being and mental toughness questionnaires. The data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient.  Full consciousness and mental health of inclusion criteria were having. Data were analyzed by using Pearson correlation test was used Bootstrap to determine Mediating Role of Physical Activity. SPSS-21 and AMOS version 18 was used to analyze data. The significance level was considered as P<0.05.
Results  Based on the physical activity questionnaire results, the participants were divided into two groups: active and non-active. The results revealed that there were positive and significant relationships between the majority of subscales of mental toughness and psychological well-being. It was also found that the average mental toughness and psychological well-being was higher among active elders than those who were inactive.
Conclusion In accordance with the results of this study, the elders should be encouraged to perform physical activities, which in turn improves aspects of mental health such as psychological well-being and mental toughness

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2016/06/06 | Accepted: 2016/10/22 | Published: 2017/01/01

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