Volume 12, Issue 3 (12-2017)                   sija 2017, 12(3): 262-275 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahmadi M, Noudehi M, Esmaeili M, Sadrollahi A. Comparing the Quality of Life Between Active and Non-Active Elderly Women With an Emphasis on Physical Activity. sija. 2017; 12 (3) :262-275
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1247-en.html

1- MSc. Department of Physical Education, Bandar-e Gaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar-e Gaz, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor Department of Physical Education, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran. , mnodehi2006@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor Department of Sport Management, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
4- MSc. Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Bandar-e Gaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar-e Gaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (856 Views)

Objectives Among different people, especially the elderly who are undergoing their specific physical, emotional, and psychological conditions, quality of life is considered an issue that is of paramount importance. The present study aims to make a comparison between the quality of life in elderly women who lead an active life with those with a non-active one with special emphasis on physical activity.
Methods & Materials The study is a descriptive research including a sample population of 176 elderly women over 60 years old in Bandar-e Gaz city in Iran. Convenience sampling was performed. To obtain the required data, a Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire was used. For statistical analysis, Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) test and Mann–Whitney U test were used. All the statistical operations were done using SPSS Statistics 20 in significance level of P≤0.05.   
Results The results of study indicate that the average age of active and non-active women were 65.69±5.45 and 64.32±5.14 respectively. The active elderly women enjoyed a higher quality of life than the non-active ones considering indicators such as physical performance limitations, physical and emotional problems, and pain and public health. However, in terms of social function indicator, no significant difference was noted between them. Mental and public health indicators are considered as the most important aspects of quality of life.
Conclusion The findings of this study suggested engaging in regular physical activity as it could work as a significant strategy to improve the quality of life among the elderly. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that the officials dealing with public health create appropriate facilities for  the physical activity and sports of the elderly women.

Full-Text [PDF 6356 kb]   (672 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (194 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2017/04/03 | Accepted: 2017/08/03 | Published: 2017/10/07

1. Resnick B, Ory MG, Hora K, Rogers ME, Page P, Bolin JN, et al. A Proposal for a New Screening Paradigm and Tool Called Exercise Assessment and Screening for You (EASY). Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2008; 16(2):215–33. doi: 10.1123/japa.16.2.215 [DOI:10.1123/japa.16.2.215]
2. Kozaki K, Murata H, Kikuchi R, Sugiyama Y, Hasegawa H, Igata A, et al. "Activity scale for the elderly" as a measurement for the QOL of local elderly individuals and the assessment of the influence of age and exercise. Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi Japanese Journal of Geriatrics. 2008; 45(2):188–95. doi: 10.3143/geriatrics.45.188 [DOI:10.3143/geriatrics.45.188]
3. Bigzadeh M, Parhodeh Y, Noudehi MA. Contrasting quality of life with health among active and inactive older adults of Islamabad Gharb town. World Applied Programming. 2013; 3(10):482-487.
4. Basu D. Quality of life issue in mental health care: Past, present and future. Journal of Psychiatry. 2004; 7(3):35-43.
5. Frändin K, Mellström D, Sundh V, Grimby G. A life span perspective on patterns of physical activity and functional performance at the age of 76. Geron-tology. 1995; 41(2):109-20. PMID: 7744266 [DOI:10.1159/000213671] [PMID]
6. Brown DR, Carroll DD, Workman LM, Carlson SA, Brown DW. Physical activity and health-related quality of life: US adults with and without limita-tions. Quality of Life Research. 2014; 23(10):2673-80. doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0739-z [DOI:10.1007/s11136-014-0739-z]
7. Hamidizadeh S, Ahmadi F, Aslani Y, Etemadifar S, Salehi K, Kordeyazdi R. [Study effect of a group-based exercise program on the quality of life in older men and women in 2006-2007 (Persian)]. Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. 2008; 16(1):167-167.
8. King MB, Whipple RH, Gruman CA, Judge JO, Schmidt JA, Wolfson LI. The performance enhancement project: Improving physical performance in older persons. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2002; 83(8):1060–9. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2002.33653 [DOI:10.1053/apmr.2002.33653]
9. Patterson SL, Rodgers MM, Macko RF, Forrester LW. Effect of treadmill Exercise training on spatial and temporal gait parameters in subjects with chronic stroke: A preliminary report. The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 2008; 45(2): 221-8. doi: 10.1682/jrrd.2007.02.0024 [DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2007.02.0024]
10. Bakhshandeh M. [Relationship between participate in leisure time physical activity and quality of life in active middle age (Persian)] [MSc. thesis]. Amol: Shomal University; 2008.
11. Wood L, Peat G, Thomas E, Hay EM, Sim J. Associations between physical examination and self-reported physical function in older community-dwelling adults, with knee pain. Physical Therapy. 2008; 88(1):33-42. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20060372 [DOI:10.2522/ptj.20060372]
12. Freisling H, Elmadfa I. Food frequency index as a measure of diet quality in non-frial older adults. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2008; 52(1):43–6. doi: 10.1159/000115348 [DOI:10.1159/000115348]
13. Van lessel MB, Munnke M, Esselink RA, Benvaad CE, Olde Rillert MG. Gait volecity and the timed-up-and-go test were sensitive to changes in mobility in frail elderly patients. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2008; 61(2):186-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2007.04.016 [DOI:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2007.04.016]
14. Barret C, Semerdely P. A comparison of community-based resistance exercise and flexibility exercise for seniors. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 2002; 48(3):215-19. doi: 10.1016/s0004-9514(14)60226-9 [DOI:10.1016/S0004-9514(14)60226-9]
15. Abedzadeh M, Barghi Moghadam J. [The effects of balance training on depression and quality of life in Parkinson's patients (Persian)]. Sport Psychology Studies. 2013; 2(4):57-68.
16. Kordi MR, Anousheh L, Khodadadeh S, Khosravi N, Sanglaji B. [The effect of selected combined training on strength,balance and life quality of multiple sclerosis patients (Persian)]. Journal of Sport Medicine. 2011; 2(2): 51-64.
17. Sadrollahi A, Hosseinian M, Masoudi Alavi N, Khalili Z, Esalatmanesh S. Physical activity patterns in the elderly Kashan population. Iranian Red Cres-cent Medical Journal. 2016; 18(6):e25008. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.25008 [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.25008]
18. Zabihi, A, Noudehi M. [Compared health related quality of life between active and passive faculty member of Islamic Azad University of Semnan prov-ince (Persian)]. Paper Presented at: The 1th Congress of Physical Education and Sport Science. 15 February 2015; Gorgan, Iran.
19. Montazeri A, Gashtasbi A, Vahdaninia M. [Reliability and validity of Persian form of SF-36 standard questionnaire (Persian)]. Payesh. 2006; 5(1):49-56.
20. Ware JE, Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). Medical care. 1992; 30(6):473–83. doi: 10.1097/00005650-199206000-00002 [DOI:10.1097/00005650-199206000-00002]
21. Asghari A, Faghehi S. [Validation of the SF-36 health survey questionnaire in two Iranian samples (Persian)]. Daneshvar Raftar. 2003; 10(1):1-11
22. Brown DR, Carroll DD, Workman LM, Carlson SA, Brown DW. Physical activity and health-related quality of life: US adults with and without limita-tions. Quality of Life Research. 2014; 23(10):2673-80. doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0739-z [DOI:10.1007/s11136-014-0739-z]
23. Limperg PF, Haverman L, van Oers HA, van Rossum MA, Maurice-Stam H, Grootenhuis MA. Health related quality of life in Dutch young adults: Psy-chometric properties of the PedsQL generic core scales young adult version. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2014; 12(1):9. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-12-9 [DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-12-9]
24. Lin MS, Chen PH, Chiu WN, Chen MY. Evidence of specific healthy behaviors positively associated with general life satisfaction among rural adults. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2016; 6(06):161-9. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.66015 [DOI:10.4236/ojpm.2015.66015]
25. Nemček D, Simon A. Effect of 3-months home-based exercise program on changes of cognitive functioning in older adults living in old people's home. Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae. 2016; 56(1):16-29. doi: 10.1515/afepuc-2016-0002 [DOI:10.1515/afepuc-2016-0002]
26. Steinmo S, Hagger-Johnson G, Shahab L. Bidirectional association between mental health and physical activity in older adults: Whitehall II prospective co-hort study. Preventive Medicine. 2014; 66:74-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.06.005 [DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.06.005]
27. Hasanpoor Dehkordi A, Masoudi R, Naderipour A, Poormirza Kalhori R. [The effect of exercise program on the quality of life in shahrekord elderly people (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2008; 2(4):437-444.
28. Amin Shokravi F, Alhani F, Kazemnejad A, Vahdaninia M. [The relationship between planned physical activities and quality of life among women: A cross sectional study (Persian)]. Payesh. 2009; 8(4):407-413.
29. Ramezani R, Vaez MK, Mokhtari R. [The comparison of quality of life between participants and non-participants in sport for all (Persian)]. Journal of Sport Management. 2010; 7(2):93-110.
30. Shamsipour dehkordi P, Abdoli B, Modaberi S. [Effectiveness of physical activity on quality of life of elderly patients with osteoarthritis (Persian)]. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 14(5):92-101.
31. Hamedinia MR, Golestani A. [Health-related quality of life in physically active and sedentary lecturers in Sabzevar universities (Persian)]. Olympic. 2004; 12(1):67-74.
32. Cowper W, Grant S. The effect of 12-weeks group exercise program on physiological variable and functional in over weight persons. Public Health. 2003; 191(12):617-23
33. Lange-Maia BS, Strotmeyer ES, Harris TB, Glynn NW, Simonsick EM, Brach JS, et al. Physical activity and change in long distance corridor walk perfor-mance in the health, aging, and body composition study. American Geriatrics Society. 2015; 63(7):1348-54. doi: 10.1111/jgs.13487 [DOI:10.1111/jgs.13487]
34. De Souto Barreto P, Denormandie P, Lepage B, Armaingaud D, Rapp T, Chauvin P, et al. Effects of a long-term exercise programme on functional ability in people with dementia living in nursing homes: Research protocol of the LEDEN study, a cluster randomised controlled trial. Contemporary Clinical Tri-als. 2016; 47:289-95. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2016.02.004 [DOI:10.1016/j.cct.2016.02.004]
35. Yavari Y, Amirtash AM, Tondnevis F. [Comparison of quality of work life among faculty members in physical education faculties and departments (Per-sian)]. Journal of Movement Science & Sports. 2009; (7)13:99-109.
36. Stewart KJ, Turner KL, Bacher AC, DeRegis JR, Sung J, Tayback M, et al. Are fitness, activity, and fatness associated with health-related quality of life and mood in older persons? Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation. 2003; 23(2):115-21. doi: 10.1097/00008483-200303000-00009 [DOI:10.1097/00008483-200303000-00009]
37. Motl RW, McAuley E. Physical activity, disability, and quality of life in older adults. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2010; 21(2):299-308. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.12.006. [DOI:10.1016/j.pmr.2009.12.006]
38. Battaglia G, Bellafiore M, Alesi M, Paoli A, Bianco A, Palma A. Effects of an adapted physical activity program on psychophysical health in elderly women. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2016; 11:1009-1015. doi: 10.2147/cia.s109591 [DOI:10.2147/CIA.S109591]
39. Bakrania K, Edwardson CL, Bodicoat DH, Esliger DW, Gill JM, Kazi A, et al. Associations of mutually exclusive categories of physical activity and sed-entary time with markers of cardiometabolic health in English adults: A cross-sectional analysis of the Health Survey for England. BMC Public Health. 2016; 16(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-2694-9 [DOI:10.1186/s12889-016-2694-9]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb