Volume 7, Number 2 ( Summer 2012 seventh Year 2012)                   Salmand 2012, 7(2): 18-25 | Back to browse issues page


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Nasiri Z, Dadkhah A, Khodabakhshi Koulai A. Investigate and Comparsion Self-Esteem and Happiness Among Residential and Non-Residential Old People. Salmand. 2012; 7 (2) :18-25
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-621-en.html

1- MSc. Department of Consulting, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , asemani.s.a@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6864 Views)

Objectives: The main aim of this study was to investigate and to compare elderly happiness and self-esteem among residential and non-residential.

Methods & Materials: This research was designed as descriptive. Two groups were selected in convenience method. Member of residential elderly (416 elderly) were chosen based on Morgan Table. Hundred-twenty elderly, 60 residential (30 men and 30 women) and 60 non-residential (30 men and 30 women) were chosen for study. Data used the three questionnaires, like Demographic questionnaires, Oxford Happiness Inventory and Self-esteem Scale’s Rozenberg. Data were gathered and analyzed with Pearson test, t-student test.

Results: The results were indicated that a significant relationship between happiness and self-esteem, among residential and non- residential old people. The findings showed significant difference in happiness, self-esteem among residential and home participants in both groups (P<0.01).

Conclusion: The results were showed that a significant relationship between social support and self-esteem, among residential and non-residential old people. Also, the results were indicated that significant difference between social support. In general, residential participants had lower social support and self-esteem than non-residential participants.

Full-Text [PDF 267 kb]   (1968 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2012/02/20 | Accepted: 2012/05/25 | Published: 2012/07/01

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