Volume 8, Issue 2 (7-2013)                   Salmand 2013, 8(2): 7-15 | Back to browse issues page


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Saadati H, Younesi J, Foroghan M, Lashani L. Effectiveness of Gestalt Therapy on Happiness of Elderly People. Salmand. 2013; 8 (2) :7-15
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-650-en.html

1- MSc university of social welfar and rehabillitation
2- Assistant Professor Department of counselling, university of social welfar and rehabillitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- PhD Iranian Research Center On Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (7133 Views)

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of Gestalt therapy on the happiness of elderly people.

Methods & Materials: This is an experimental study with a pre-test- post-test design and control group. Sample of the study selected from elderly members of Shad Senior Social Club. 50 older members were evaluated according to inclusion/ exclusion criteria and by Abbreviated Mental Test Score. 28 participants selected and divided into 2 equal groups randomly. Oxford Happiness Scale was administered to both. Gestalt therapy sessions for the intervention group were administered in 90 minutes weekly meetings for 8 successive weeks. The post-test data collected after the last session. Data analyzed by using t-test for independent groups.

Results: T-test results showed that the mean difference between the two groups were significant (P<0.01) and Gestalt therapy increased the happiness of intervention group significantly. Happiness scores of intervention group in all sub-scales were also significantly higher in post-test compared to control group (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The results showed that Gestalt therapy can be helpful in enhancing positive emotions and happiness in older people. Implementation of Gestalt therapy sessions in nursing homes, and retirement centers are recommended.

Full-Text [PDF 560 kb]   (2538 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Consultation
Received: 2013/03/20 | Accepted: 2013/05/20 | Published: 2013/07/01

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