Volume 9, Issue 4 (زمستان 93 2015)                   Salmand 2015, 9(4): 306-315 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghavi S, Golmohamadi B, Sohrabi M, Karimi N, Rahimi M, Sahaf R. The Effect of Whole Body Vibration Exercise, Mental Practice on Balance of Elderly Men. Salmand. 2015; 9 (4) :306-315
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-770-en.html

1- MSc
2- Ph.D
3- phd
4- PhD Candidate Baghiatollah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , mostafa.rahimi20@gmail.com
5- Assistant Professor
Abstract:   (3099 Views)

Objectives: the present research aimed to study the effects of whole body vibration, mental practice and combined vibration and mental practice on static and dynamic balance of elderly men.

Methods & Materials: this was a semi-experimental research. The participants included 42 healthy, elderly men aged (60-80 yrs) from Mashhad who was randomly categorized into 4 groups: vibration (n=12), mental practice (n=10), combined practice (n=10) and control (n=10). The experimental groups practiced their specific protocols for 8 weeks, 3 sessions a week. The vibration group practiced 6 body positions based on the overload principle with intensity 30-35 HZ and 5 mm amplitude. The mental practice group practiced for the same duration of time as the vibration group meanwhile the control group was just engaged in their daily life routine. Static and dynamic balances were assessed using stability tests on Biobex and TUG tests, respectively. One-way ANOVA with Gabriel post Hoc was applied in order to analyze the data. The significance level was set at α0.05≥.

Results: our results showed a significant difference between the control group and mental practice (P=0.005), and combined training group (P=0.026) regarding their static balance. However no difference was observed between the control group and vibration group (P=0.422) or between the two experimental groups. Results of the dynamic balance of the control group and the vibration group (P=0.001) the mental practicing group (P=0.004) and the combined training group and mental practicing group differed significantly.

Conclusion: Eight weeks of mental, vibration and combined vibration and mental practice could improve dynamic balance of the participants and mental practice, and combined vibration and mental practice could improve their static balance.

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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2014/08/06 | Accepted: 2014/12/01 | Published: 2015/01/01

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