Volume 3, Number 2 (Salmand, Iranian Journal of Ageing 2008)                   Salmand 2008, 3(2): 547-555 | Back to browse issues page


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Adib Hajbagheri M. Geriatic Disability Related Factors . Salmand. 2008; 3 (2) :547-555
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-89-en.html

PhD Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Abstract:   (11637 Views)

Objectives: Reports are indicating of increasing trend of aging and disability in the developing countries while such disabilities are decreasing within the developed countries. This study designed to evaluate the disability and some of its related factors among the elderly population (65 and older) in Kashan, Iran.

Methods & Materials: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on a multi-stage random sample of 350 elderly people (65 year and older) in Kashan. The WHO-DAS-II was used as the generic disability measure. The questionnair had 48 questions. The range of score could be between 0-144. Chi-square, t-test analysis and ANOVA were utilized to check significant differences between subgroups.

Results: 61% were men and 12% were living lonely. One fourth had some type of addiction, the majority were ilitrate and two thired had not regular phisycal activity.Twenty percent of the old people had a modereate disability and 4.3% were extremely disabled. A significant relationship was found between the disability and variables such as sex, age, living style, needing help, marriage status, living location, addiction, job, level of physical activity, education, and having multiple diseases.

Conclusion: In conclusion, geriatric population in Iran, has a lower levels of disability in compare to those of other developed countries. Need of geriatric cares must be be increasing, since the populationpattern of elderly people is increasing in Iran. Female and ilitrate elders were sufering of more disability. These findings indicated the nessesity to more attention to these voulnarable subgroups of population.

Full-Text [PDF 556 kb]   (2224 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2008/03/01 | Accepted: 2008/05/01 | Published: 2008/07/01

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