Volume 12, Issue 3 (12-2017)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2017, 12(3): 312-325 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadri Damirchi E, Ghomi M, Esmaeli Ghazi Valoii F. Effectiveness of Life Review Group Therapy on Psychological Well-Being and the Life Expectancy of Elderly Women. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2017; 12 (3) :312-325
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1152-en.html
1- Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. , e.sadri@uma.ac.ir
2- Department of Family Counselling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Family Counselling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (8190 Views)

Objectives Old age is a sensitive period of human life. So with increasing elderly population, attention needs to be given to issues related to old age, especially among the institutionalized elderly. So, the aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of life review group therapy on psychological well-being and life expectancy of elderly women living in Ardabil.
Methods & Materials The present study adopted a semi-experimental design, with pretest and posttest and control group. The study population comprised all the elderly women residents in the sanatoriums of the nursing homes present in Ardabil in 2016. Thirty participants were randomly selected and divided into two groups, namely control group and experimental group of 15 participants each. The Ryff Psychological Well-being Questionnaire and Snyder Life Expectancy Scale were used to collect the required data. After implementing the pretest, the experimental group received life review group therapy for 1.5 hours in 6 sessions, once a week. After the training, posttest was repeated for two groups, and data was analyzed using covariance analysis.
Results The findings of the study showed that there were significant differences between experimental and control groups with respect to autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance (P<0.01). Furthermore, a significant improvement was noted in the life expectancy of elderly women in the experimental groups (P<0.05).
Conclusion Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that life review group therapy could significantly enhance the psychological well-being and life expectancy in elderly women. With the rapid increase in the number of elderly, life review group therapy is highly recommended.

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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/03/15 | Accepted: 2017/07/05 | Published: 2017/10/07

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