Volume 12, Number 2 (9-2017)                   Salmand 2017, 12(2): 220-231 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.21859/sija-1202220

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Hajiazizi A H, Bahmani B, Mahdi N, Manzari Tavakoli V, Barshan A. Effectiveness of Group Logotherapy on Death Anxiety and Life Expectancy of the Elderly Living in Boarding Houses in Kerman. Salmand. 2017; 12 (2) :220-231
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1184-en.html

1- Department of Counseling Psychology, School of Human Sciences, Assumption University, Bangkok, Thailand.
2- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
3- Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
4- PhD Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran. , manzari.v63@gmail.com
5- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (635 Views)

Objectives Due to the growing elderly population, it is important to solve the problems faced by the elderly, including their mental health problems. Since the increase in death anxiety and the decrease in life expectancy is more common in the elderly, this study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of group logotherapy on death anxiety and life expectancy of the elderly living in boarding houses in Kerman.
Methods & Materials The study population consisted of all elderly people in Kerman. By visiting two centers of Mehrazin and Amiralmeomenin in Kerman, 30 elderly people (18 female and 12 male) were selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (each n = 15). The experimental group was provided group logotherapy for ten sessions (each session of 90 minutes). The control group received no intervention. Both before and after the test, the participants were asked to respond to Miller’s Life Expectancy Scale (1997) and Death Anxiety Scale. The data were analyzed using statistical methods such as frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation, and covariance multivariate analysis.
Results The results showed that group therapy has a significant impact on death anxiety in the elderly (P<0.01). The group therapy was also found to affect the life expectancy of the elderly at a significance level of P<0.01.
Conclusion Overall, based on the results of this research, group therapy was found to reduce death anxiety and life expectancy in elderly people living in boarding houses and subsequently, improve their mental health. Due to the special emphasis of logotherapy on the present and the meaning of suffering for the elderly, it is important to use it for promoting social well-being of older people.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/01/20 | Accepted: 2017/05/20 | Published: 2017/07/01

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