Volume 12, Issue 3 (12-2017)                   sija 2017, 12(3): 346-359 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sharghi A, Salehi Kousalari F. Relationship Between Cognitive Factors and Social Indicators in Designing the Healing Spaces for Old-Age People. sija. 2017; 12 (3) :346-359
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1242-en.html
1- Assistant professor Department of Architecture, School of Architecture and Urban Design Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.
2- MSc. Department of Architecture, School of Architecture and Urban Design Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran. , f_salehi99@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (813 Views)

Objectives According to documentary statistics, the old age phenomenon in the world, as well as in Iran, is irrefutable. Two main problems of elderly people must be solved, i.e. low intelligence and social isolation. So, there is a need to provide a more suitable environment to the senior citizens in order to decrease their depression caused by loneliness. This study, thus, examines the importance of cognitive and social factors and the relationship between them, affecting the healing properties of the nursing homes of Iran.
Methods & Materials This study was conducted through the survey process by examining 148 older adults (75 males and 73 females) living in 9 nursing homes in Tehran. A questionnaire was presented to the participants (Cronbach’s alpha equal to 0.904) to investigate the association of perceptional (mental and emotional) and social factors.
Results The relationships between the study variables and demographic data of the participants were analyzed. The mean age of the elderly age was 83 years, and the standard deviation was 0.58. The analyses by descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation coefficient 0.99 and significance level P≤0.05 and variance analysis of Fisher LSD) were performed by SPSS 22.0. It was evident from the results that there is a relationship of perceptual-psychological (P=0.000) and socio-cultural (P=0.000) factors with the perceptual-emotional factor. There was also a relationship of perceptual-emotional (P=0.000) and socio-cultural (P=0.003) factors with the perceptual-mental factor. It was also revealed that there are significant relationships between the demographic characteristics of elderly people, the length of stay in the center, marital status, and the reason for their reference to the center. 
Conclusion Based on these findings, it is concluded that the perceptual factors (emotional and mental) of the elderly environment is affected by any alterations in their social and cultural relations. According to the results derived from the demographic characteristics, it is concluded that some features of people also influence these factors. Therefore, these features should be considered in architecture to improve life quality.

Full-Text [PDF 6597 kb]   (403 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (331 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Social Welfare
Received: 2017/05/28 | Accepted: 2017/08/19 | Published: 2017/10/07

1. Vahdani Nia MS, Goshtasebi A, Montazeri A, Maftoon F. [Health-related quality of life in an elderly population in Iran: A population-based study (Per-sian)]. Payesh. 2005; 4(2):113-120.
2. Rafizadeh. N. [Reflection on the active and effective role of day care centers for the elderly with the comparative approach of Iran and the United States (Persian)]. Mohandesiy-e Sakhteman Va oloom-e Maskan. 2013; 10(19):45-58.
3. Statistical Centre of Iran. [Abstract the results of general census of population and housing (Persian)] [Internet]. 2017 [Updated 2017 March 30]. https://www.amar.org.ir/Portals/0/News/1396/chnsanvms95.pdf
4. United Nations. World population prospects. New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs; 2015.
5. Ghazi K, Foroghan M, Hosseini M, Hosseinzadeh S, Asgari M. [The client satisfaction of delivered services in private nursing homes for elderly: a survey in the provinces of Golestan, Mazandaran, Semnan and Northern Khorasan in 2012 (Persian)]. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 20(3):320-330.
6. Wilson E. The future of life. New York: Vintage; 2003.
7. Costall A. Socializing affordances. Theory & Psychology. 1995; 5(4):467–81. doi: 10.1177/0959354395054001 [DOI:10.1177/0959354395054001]
8. Berman MG, Jonides J, Kaplan S. The cognitive benefits of interacting with nature. Psychological Science. 2008; 19(12):1207–12. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02225.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02225.x]
9. Kaplan R, Kaplan A, Ryan R. »andscape design and management of Everyday Nature with People in Mind [A. Sharghi, trans.]. Tehran: Rajaee Teacher Training University; 2014.
10. Momeni Kh, Karami S, Majzoubi M. [Comparing lifestyle, self-esteem and mental health of the elderly only, Ghyrtnha and residents of nursing homes (Per-sian)]. Developmental Psychology. 2014; 10(38):139-145.
11. Sharifidaramadi P, Panah Ali A. [A comparison between the level of happiness among the elderly living at home and that of senior home residents (Per-sian)] .Iranian Journal of Ageing . 2011; 6(3):49-55.
12. Gonzalez MT, Kirkevold M. Clinical use of sensory gardens and outdoor environments in Norwegian nursing homes: a cross-sectional E-mail survey. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 2015; 36(1):35–43. doi: 10.3109/01612840.2014.932872 [DOI:10.3109/01612840.2014.932872]
13. Bengtsson A, Carlsson G. Outdoor environments at three Nursing homes. Journal of Housing For the Elderly. 2005; 19(3-4):49–69. doi: 10.1300/j081v19n03_04 [DOI:10.1300/J081v19n03_04]
14. Golshahi T, Moradi A, Mobasheri M, Mirzaeian R, Yousefi Z. [The effect of social support and religious attitudes on life satisfaction of elderly Borujen city (Persian)]. Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. 2014; 3(1):47-55.
15. Saydshohadai M, Heshmat S, Seidfatemi N, Haghani H, Mehrdad N. [The Spiritual Health of Seniors Living in Sanitarium and Home Residents (Per-sian)]. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2011; 26(81):11-20.
16. Eskandarnejad M, Taghizadeh S. [A comparison of distance perception in active and inactive elderly with an emphasis on physical activity (Persian)]. Journal of Geriatric Nursing. 2015; 2(1):79-90.
17. Safavi Q. [Comparing quality of life, social support and depression among elderly living at home and nursing home residents (Persian)]. Journal of Geriat-ric Nursing. 2015; 1(3):34-6.
18. Ghanbari Hashem Abadi B, Mojarrad Kahani A, Ghanbari Hashem Abadi M. [The relationship between older people's mental health with their family support and psychosocial well being (Persian)]. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2012; 8(6):1123-1131.
19. Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors. Parks and open spaces [Internet]. 2007 [Updated 2007 June 10] Available from: http://www.idgo.ac.uk/design_guidance/open_spaces.htm
20. Neal MB, DeLaTorre A. The World Health Organization (WHO) global network of age-friendly cities. Paper Presented at: The Portland's Planning and Sustainability Commission Conference; 13 March 2012; Portland, USA.
21. Sharghi A, Zarghami E, Salehi F, Olfat M. [The assessment of Global age-friendly city in Tehran (AFC) (Persian)]. Journal of Urban-Regional Studies and Research. 2016; 8(28):1-22.
22. Stigsdotter U. Landscape architecture and health: Evidence-based health-promoting design and planning [PhD thesis]. Alnarp: Swedish University of Agri-cultural Sciences; 2005.
23. Asadi A, Bahramnezhad A, Hassanpour E, Khadem S, Rajaee F, Sargazi p, et al. Mental health and the elderly. Kerman: University of Medical Sciences and Health Services; 2013.
24. Nikbakht A. [Medicine in landscape architecture: Healing gardens (Persian)]. Bagh-e Nazar. 2014; 1(2):79-82.
25. President Deputy Strategic Planning and Control. Customer design urban green spaces Publication No. 203 (first revision).Tehran: President Deputy Strate-gic Planning and Control; 2010.
26. Shahcheraghi A. and Bondorabad A. Inscribed on the environment (Application of Environmental Psychology in Architecture and Urbanism). Tehran: Ja-had Daneshgahi Publication; 2015.
27. Bentley A. [Responsive environments, M. Behzadfar Persian trans]. Tehran: Iran University of Science and Technology; 2009.
28. Amini A. & Razavi S. Relationship between social support and hope and death anxiety among the old people of Tehran Omid Cultural Center. Interna-tional Journal of Life Sciences. 2015; 9(2): 65-70. doi: 10.3126/ijls.v9i2.12052 [DOI:10.3126/ijls.v9i2.12052]
29. Seyfzadeh A. [The relationship between perceived social support and health in the elderly, case study: Azarshahr (Persian)]. Journal of Gerontology. 2016; 1(1):40-47. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.joge.1.1.56]
30. Maghsoud Nia Sh, Shojaee H. [The general study of elderly and geriatrics (Persian)]. Tehran: Center for Engineering and Medical Sciences Devotees; 2005.
31. Panaghi L, Abaresh Z, Mansouri M, Dehghani M. [Quality of life and demographic characteristics of the elderly in Tehran (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ag-ing. 2009; 4(12):77- 87.
32. Kashfi M, Jeihooni Khani A, Farhadi S. [The relationship between social and demographic factors and prevalence of depression among the elderly aged over 60 years (Persian)]. Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. 2009; 14(4):319-325.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb