Volume 12, Issue 3 (12-2017)                   sija 2017, 12(3): 384-393 | Back to browse issues page

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Seyedjafari E, Sahebozamani M, Ebrahimipour E. Effect of Eight Weeks of Water Exercises on Deep Part of the Pool on the Static Balance of the Elderly Man. sija. 2017; 12 (3) :384-393
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1305-en.html
1- Department of Sport Injury, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
2- MSc. Department of Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran. , ehsan94324001@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1424 Views)

Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of deep aquatic exercises on balance among elderly men. 
Methods & Materials Thirty elderly men voluntarily participated in this experiment. Subjects were randomly divided into two equal groups including experimental and control groups. The experimental group participated in a deep aquatic exercise program that consisted of 60-minutes sessions three times a week for eight weeks, while the control group was not into any exercise. Postural stability (static balance) was assessed before and after the program as pre-test and post-test by Biodex Balance System (BBS) respectively. Independent sample t-test and paired sample t-test (P≤0.05) were performed on outcome variables.
Results The results of the comparison between the two groups of 15 individuals in terms of demographic and anthropometric features[experimental group with mean age of (65.50±3.481), height (168.10±5.215), weight (70.865±7.775) and body mass index (24.781±2.483) and the control group with an average age of (66.50±3.232), height (169.20±6.314), weight (71.322±8.531) and body mass index (24.982±3.535) were divided], the two groups showed no difference in results is homogeneity. The findings of the study showed that aquatic exercises program has significant effect on the static balance (P≤0.05). The results indicated significant differences between the subjects of experimental and control groups after the exercise program, and also paired sample t-test showed significant differences between pre and post-tests in experimental group while no differences observed in control group. 
Conclusion According to this study, doing the deep-aquatic exercises is effective on improving the static balance of old people and reducing their risk of falling. 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physical Medicine
Received: 2017/03/17 | Accepted: 2017/06/24 | Published: 2017/10/07

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