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1- MSc. Department of clinical psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of clinical psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
3- Department of Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2150 Views)


Objectives. Sleep is one of the basic needs of every human being. Consideration of the factors affecting this area is of particular importance. The present study compares the negative emotional components including rumination, worry, arousal anxiety in elderly people with sleep problems and normal sleep.

Materials and methods. This research is a causal-comparative study. The population of the study consisted of elderly people living in Tehran city in 1395 who were selected by available sampling method and based on entry and exit criteria. Inclusion criteria included age of sixty years and above and absence of severe illnesses and disorders Physical and psychological and exclusion criteria included the unwillingness of the participants to continue cooperation at each stage of the research.of 200 people, the elderly participated in the study of 131 people analyzed after Group matching based on demographic variables. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Ruminative Responses Scale Questionnaire, Pennsylvania State Worry Questionnaire, Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire Anxious Arousal Scale were used to collect data. The reliability of the tools was also evaluated. Data were collected by SPSS software version 18 and analyzed by descriptive statistics including frequency, mean and inferential statistics including Chi-square, Umen Whitney and independent t-test.

Results. The mean and standard deviation of the subjects in the study were 68.5 and 6.78, respectively. The findings showed that The mean of rumination in the elderly group with poor sleep quality was 54.039 and in the normal sleep quality group, it was 44.919. also, the mean of worry in the poor and normal sleep quality group was 53/875 and 46/024 respectively, and the arousal anxiety variable in the poor and normal sleep quality group with an average of 55/080 and 43/772, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between the mean two The group was in terms of research variables (p<0.001).

Conclusion. According to the results of the study,rumination, worry, and arousal anxiety have a negative effect on the quality of sleep. Focusing on these negative emotional components as a risk factors for the emergence and continuation of sleep disturbances can be useful in designing preventive interventions for sleep problems and reducing psychological disorders.

Keywords: Sleep, Aged, Anxiety
Full-Text [PDF 837 kb]   (435 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2017/07/05 | Accepted: 2017/08/11

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