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1- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , mohammadi1508@gmail.com
Abstract:   (308 Views)

Abstract
Objectives: Giving to the high prevalence of insomnia disorder in the elderly population and its effect on their quality of life, this study was aimed to examine the effect of Holy Qur’an recitation on the quality of sleep of institutionalized elderly adults.
Methods and Materials: The participants of this clinical trial study were 65 elderly people from a nursing home of Malayer city. They were randomized to either experimental (n=33) or a control (n=32) group. Participants in the experimental group listened to Holy Qur'an recitation for 20 minutes before sleep every night through 4 weeks. The data were collected using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and were analyzed using parametric (dependent and independent sample t-test) and non-parametric (Kruskal–Wallis and Mann-Whitney) tests and covariance analysis.
Results: The mean age of the elderly people in the experimental group was 73.97±9.91 and in the control group was 64.53±12.75. The results of covariance showed a significant differences between experimental and control groups after listening to Holy Qur'an recitation (p<0/001). Furthermore, in experimental group, the mean of total quality of sleep ( from 9.27±3.37 to 6.60±3.87) and two its subscales including habitual sleep efficiency  ( from 2.94±0.35 to 0.63±1.25) and  daytime dysfunction ( from 0.33±0.54 to 0.39±0.50) improved significantly (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that listening to Holy Qur'an recitation could be an effective factor in promotion of the quality of sleep in the elderly. Therefore, using this easy, cost-effective and valuable strategy is recommended for improvement of quality of sleep among the elderly.
 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2017/07/22 | Accepted: 2018/01/10

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