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1- Sports Physiology, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Sport Physiology, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , gholami_man@yahoo.com
3- Department of Sport Physiology, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4- Internal Medicine Group, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (747 Views)
Abstract
Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the most important progressive pulmonary diseases. Obviously, diaphragmatic dysfunction is an important factor in the worsening and progression of symptoms in COPD patients. Therefore, the effect of diaphragmatic respiratory training on some pulmonary factors in these patients was investigated.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study type pre-test and post-test, 16 male patients with mean age 60 year with moderate COPD were selected through convenient sampling and were randomly divided in two groups of 8 (diaphragmatic training and control group). A demographic questionnaire was used to control inclusion criteria. Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and respiratory rate per minute were measured by laboratory equipment. Respiratory training was performed on the training group for 8 weeks and 3 sessions per week. The control group did not do any training. After the end of training, the pulmonary factors were re-measured. Statistical data were analyzed using SPSS21 software by ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test.
Results: The results indicated that diaphragmatic respiratory training had a significant effect on pulmonary factors (P= 0.001). There was no improvement in any of the variables in the control group (p˃0.05).
Conclusion: Diaphragmatic respiratory training seems to play an important role in improving the respiratory pattern of patients with pulmonary disease. The results of our study showed that respiratory training improves the respiratory pattern of patients and should be included in the pulmonary rehabilitation program for these patients.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Rehabilitation Management
Received: 2017/09/24 | Accepted: 2018/05/16

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