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1- Master of Science,Department of Psychology, Razi University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. ,
2- Department of Psychology, Razi University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
Abstract:   (933 Views)
Objectives: Death anxiety as an important issue in the life of the elderly can have negative effects on a wide range of health and cause people do not have an effective aging. The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between death anxiety with gratitude and perceived social support in the elderly and the prediction of Death anxiety in the elderly according to the level of gratitude and perceived social support.
Materials and Methods: This is a correlation-descriptive study. The statistical population of all the elderly people who independent of the bed of the Kahrizak Charity Hospital in Tehran is 515 people. The statistical population of this study included 309 women and 206 women. Stratified random sampling of 220 people was selected. The research tools were Templer death anxiety inventory, Multidimensional social perceived social support scale and Thanksgiving questionnaire. Entrance criteria for this study was a score of over 22 in a short examination of the cognitive status, age over 60, and the level of primary school education, lack of emotional disturbances such as depression and minimum one-year residency at the center. These questionnaires were self-reporting and Participants were informed by written consent. Data were analyzed by SPSS software using Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. 
Results: The results showed that there is a negative and significant relationship between gratitude and death anxiety, also with  Perceived social support in the elderly (P<0.001). Also, the results of regression analysis showed that social support and gratitude could predict the death anxiety in the elderly (P <0.001).
Conclusion: Due to the fact that the variables of gratitude and social support are significant predictors of death anxiety, by creating such capacities, can reduce the death anxiety of the elderly.
Full-Text [PDF 1144 kb]   (238 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/09/30 | Accepted: 2017/11/12

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