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1- MSc of Elderly Health, School of Public Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2- PhD Student of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
3- Health Care Expert at Birjand Municipal Health Services Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
4- Health Care Expert at Khaf Municipal Health Services Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Khaf, Iran.
5- Assistant professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (1077 Views)
Objectives: Given the importance of non-communicable diseases as the leading causes of death and disability in the world and aging of the world, has been become one of the major public health challenges, this study conducted to determine the prevalence of non-communicable disease risk factors among the elderly of Birjand in 2014.
Methods & Materials: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 among 400 elderly in Birjand who were selected through random cluster sampling. Data collection was carried out using the WHO STEPS Instrument on non-communicable diseases and physical measuring included measurement of height, weight, waist and hip circumference and blood pressure by trained health experts. Then, the final obtained data were analyzed by chi-square test, t test and one-way ANOVA.
Results: From 400 elderly participated in this study, 200 persons were male and the mean of participants age was 70±6.4 years. The prevalence of Smoking was 10.7%, 49% were overweight or obese and 34.5% had hypertension. The prevalence of abdominal obesity and physical inactivity respectively was 63.5% and 55% and inadequate intake of fruits, vegetables, fish and dairy products respectively was 73.8%, 67.8%, 95% and 74.5%. Prevalence of smoking in men, and the prevalence of obesity and overweight, physical inactivity and abdominal obesity in women were significantly higher (p<0.01) But there was not a significant relationship between the prevalence of hypertension by sex (p=0.14).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the prevalence of non-communicable disease risk factors among elderly was high. Given the importance of the growing elderly population, planning for appropriate interventions aimed healthier, longer and higher quality of life in the elderly should be taken considered of health officials and policymakers.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/10/14 | Accepted: 2018/04/30

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