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1- Tehran University of Medical Sciences , mehrdadkarimi@yahoo.com
2- The University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
3- ation Sciences
4- The University of Social Welfare and Rehabilit
Abstract:   (279 Views)
Objectives: osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common diseases among older people. It usually can not lead to mortality directly; however, it is one the main cause of disability and socio-economic burden among the elderly and the society. According to the severity of OA, here are a variety of medical and surgical treatment options for management. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Melilotous Officinalis oil on physical function among older adults with mild to moderate primary knee osteoarthritis.
Methods: This study was a clinical double blind randomized controlled trial, this number IRCT2016082129461N1. The participants were 61 older adults aged 60 years and over (mean=78, SD=7.8, range 63-94, mode-81), 35 (57.2%) female and 26 (43.3) male, residing in one nursing home who clinically diagnosed with mild to moderate osteoarthritis based on grade 1-3 Kellegren-Lawrence (K-L) grading scale. After signing consent form the participants were assigned randomly to one intervention group who received of Melilotous Officinalis oil and one control group who used diclofenac gel. The data including demographic information and WOMAC: Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and Visual Analogous Scale (VAS) collected at baseline, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after starting the intervention . The data entered SPSS version 23 and analysed based on the aims of the study.
Results: There was no statistically significant different between the intervention and control group in terms of sociodemographic variables at baseline. Physical function improved statistically significant in the intervention group and control group, F (2, 58) = 20.4, p<0.001). However, the effect size was considerable higher in the intervention group (0.88) than the control group (0.36). No adverse effect reported during the study.
Conclusion: Melilotous Officinalis oil can improve function more than diclofenac gel among older people with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis. Therefore, Melilotous Officinalis oil is suggested for improvement physical function among people with osteoarthritis.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2018/05/01 | Accepted: 2018/07/24

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