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Background and purpose: Locomotive syndrome (LS), is a condition of reduced mobility due to impairment of locomotive organs. LS leads to limitation, loss of balance, pain, muscle weakness, and ultimately increased demand for long-term nursing care. The aim of this study was to investigate locomotive syndrome in Iranian elderly and its risk factors.
Materials and methods: This Descriptive-cross sectional study was conducted on randomly selected 320 community dwelling elderly from around the city of Qaemshahr, approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Social Welfare, in 2018. Demographic and Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale-25-Persian questionnaire was used. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the data and to investigate the correlation between the criterion and predictor variables logistic regression were used, by SPSS-V23.
Results: The mean age was 69.85 ± 7.7. Fifty-eight percentage of the participants were at LS group. Variables: age (OˆR=1.05, increase per 1 year), female gender (OˆR=2.7), positive history of chronic disease (OˆR=3.4) and positive history of chronic pain (OˆR=4.04) predicted Locomotive Syndrome among elders.
Conclusion: Regarding the high prevalence of LS and its relationship with demographic factors (age and sex), chronic disease, chronic pain; screening methods to identify those at risk for LS and preventive are highly recommended.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2018/05/15 | Accepted: 2018/11/21

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