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1- Department of Social Welfare Management, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences.
2- Department of Social Welfare Management, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences. , hosseinmohaqeq@gmail.com
3- Department of Social Work, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences.
Abstract:   (214 Views)
Objectives: Nowadays, information and communication technology providing a potential opportunity for communities through the changing the concept of distance. Despite the development of communication and information tools and their increased use, the statistics indicate the existence of a digital divide and very low utilization rate of these tools by the Iranian elderly. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of acceptance of information and communication technology and its related factors among elderly people in Tehran.
Methods & Materials: The cross-sectional study was conducted in summer of 2018. A sample of 330 elderly people in Tehran was selected by multi-stage sampling. All data were analyzed using IBM SPSS statistics v21 and Shapiro-Wilk test, Point biserial correlation test, Spearman correlation test and Pearson correlation test.
Results: The participants with the age range of 60 to 70 years old (61%), men (67%), married people (85.5%), and those with a diploma and less than diploma (72.5%) were the most elderly group. The results show that watching TV, conversations with telephone and readings news, was the most popular and sending-receiving email was the least popular activity related to the information and communication technology among the elderly. Technology acceptance score among the elderly in Tehran was 3.15 (SD± 0.75) and above its theoretical average (score 3). The most important limitation of seniors in technology acceptance was the "lack of felt need", "lack of interest" and "lack of familiarity with the tools of information and communication technology".  Acceptance of technology has been strongly associated with education (r=0.325, P<0.001), age (r=0.236, P<0.001), and time allocated to the use of information and communication tools (r=0.528, P<0.001). In addition, the acceptance of technology has not been significantly correlated with the general health status of the elderly and their economic situation.
Conclusions: The technology acceptance status of older people in Tehran was higher than average and the intention to use of ICT tools was significant among them. But the lack of ease of use of some of these tools has been one of the most important limitations in adopting ICT technologies. Additionally, the adoption of technology among the elderly is not influenced by the economic situation or the health status of the elderly, and therefore all groups of the elderly can be considered target groups to enhance the ability to use ICT tools.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2018/10/06 | Accepted: 2018/12/02

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