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1- Associated Professor of Department of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , basharpoor_sajjad@yahoo.com
2- University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3- Assistant Professor of Department of Psychology, University of Urmia. Uremia, Iran.
4- Physician, Addiction Therapist, Substance Abuse and Dependency Research Center, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1911 Views)

Objective: Ageing is a natural phenomenon in the life of every person, thus quality of life and identifying its related factors is one of interested areas in ageing psychology. Given the importance of this issue, the present study aimed to determine the role of attitude to death and irrational beliefs in quality of life in elderly.

Materials & Methods: The method of this study is descriptive-correlational. The statistical population of this study included all persons over 60 ages lived in Ardabil city at 1393. One hundred and fifty people were selected using convenience sampling from this society, and responded individually to the questionnaires of irrational beliefs, attitude to death and quality of life. The gathered data were analyzed by Pearson correlation and multivariate regression tests.

Results: The results showed that the total score of quality of life have negative correlation with fear of death (r=-0.36; p<0.000), avoidance of death (r=-0.16; p<0.05), acceptance with escape of death (r=-0.17; p<0.03), Helplessness for change (r=-0.27; p<0.001) and emotional irresponsibility (r=-0.24; p<0.002); but positive correlation with approach acceptance toward death (r=0.31; p<0.001). The results of regression analysis also showed that irrational beliefs could explain about 9% and attitude to death about 30% of variance in quality of life.

Conclusion: the results of this study showed that attitude to death and irrational beliefs can predict the quality of life in older age. Thus it can be improved their quality of life via cognitive intervention in this variables.

Full-Text [PDF 2494 kb]   (448 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2015/01/03 | Accepted: 2018/04/07

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