Volume 13, Issue 2 (7-2018)                   sija 2018, 13(2): 154-167 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Eftekhari Z, Nosrati Nejad F, Sahhaf R, Zanjari N. A Content Analysis of the Concepts and Images of the Physical Aging Primary School Textbooks in Iran. sija. 2018; 13 (2) :154-167
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1188-en.html
1- Department of Social Welfare, Student Research Committee, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- PhD Department of Social Welfare, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , farhadNosrati@gmail.com
3- Iranian Research Center on Ageing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (226 Views)

Objectives This study has two purposes. The first purpose is to analyze the concept of old age in the textbooks of the primary schools after the Islamic Revolution (1979). The second purpose is to study the type of images used in these textbooks to depict the elderly people in physical terms. 
Methods & Materials This research is a descriptive Research to analyze the content of the books. The data is collected from a statistical population of all the primary schools’ textbooks used after the Islamic Revolution. Of them, the ones which were taught in 1979, 1996, 2006, and 2015 were selected as the samples because these books were subject to change in those years. The context units were Lessens and of analysis was the contents and pictures in which the concept of old age is presented. 
Results The findings of this research show that the textbooks depict aged people as those with wrinkles (52.1%), grey or white hair (44.4%), upright stature (57%), and maintain good physical health (43%). These older adults are healthy (73.2%) and independents (72.5%). Most of them (64.1) never used any healthcare aids, and in case of health care tools, only spectacles are depicted. 
Conclusion The results showed that the textbooks depict a positive image of the physical health of the older people. The picture in the textbooks shows elders’ natural status and their physical conditions in the old age. It is interesting to mention that during the first year post the Islamic Revolution, the illustrations showed the older adults as young. It’s natural considering the rise of maximum life expectancy in the recent decades, and it also reflects the realities of old age.

Full-Text [PDF 1063 kb]   (106 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (84 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2017/08/27 | Accepted: 2018/01/06 | Published: 2018/06/22

1. Heravi Karimoei M, Reje N, Foroughan M, Montazeri A. [Elderly abuse rates within family among members of senior social clubs in Tehran (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2012; 6(4):37-50.
2. Mohebbi L, Zahednejad S, Javadi Pour S, Saki A. [Domestic elder abuse in rural area of Dezful, Iran and its relation with their quality of life (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2016; 10(4):50-9.
3. Lee Burke J. Young children's attitudes and perceptions of older adults. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 1982; 14(3):205-22. [DOI:10.2190/4J7N-RG79-HJQR-FLDN] [DOI:10.2190/4J7N-RG79-HJQR-FLDN]
4. Asayesh H, Qorbani M, Parvaresh Masoud M, Rahmani Anarki H, Ansari H, Mansourian M, et al. [General practitioner attitude toward elders: Using Kogan's attitudes questionnaire (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism. 2014; 13(6):479-86.
5. Sanagoo A, Bazyar A, Chehrehgosha M, Gharanjic S, Noroozi M, Pakravan far S, et al. [People Attitude toward Elderly in Golestan Province, 2009 (Persian)]. Journal of Research Development in Nursing & Midwifery. 2012; 8(2):24-9.
6. Riahi F, Izadi-mazidi M, Khajedin N, Norouzi S. [Does education of geriatric medicine effect on the medical students' attitude toward elderlies and their care? (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2014; 14(7):651-2.
7. Purfarzad Z, Ghamari zadre Z, Farmahini farahani M, Ghorbani M. [Teachers and student nurses' attitudes towards caring for older adults in Arak, 2012 (Persian)]. Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery. 2014; 3(2):46-56.
8. Hamadanizadeh F, Mtahedyan Tabrizi E, Sarhangi F, Zighaymat F. [Nurses' attitude care of old patients (Persian)]. Kowsar Medical Journal. 2008; 13(3):253-8.
9. Barrett AE, Von Rohr C. Gendered perceptions of aging: An examination of college students. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 2008; 67(4):359–86. [DOI:10.2190/AG.67.4.d] [DOI:10.2190/AG.67.4.d]
10. Pitcher D. Adopted children and their grandparents: Views from three generations. Adoption & Fostering. 2009; 33(1):56–67. [DOI:10.1177/030857590903300106] [DOI:10.1177/030857590903300106]
11. Marzouk R., Mansory C. [Qualitative content analysis of elementary textbooks based on gender orientation (Persian)]. Women in Development & Politics Magazine. 2016; 13(4):469-85. [DOI:10.22059/jwdp.2015.58131]
12. Dnaowski J. The portrayal of older characters in popular children's books: A content analysis from 2000 to 2010 [MA thesis]. Provo: Brigham Young University; 2011.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb