Volume 13, Issue 2 (7-2018)                   sija 2018, 13(2): 198-209 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Salmabadi M, Rajabi M J, Safara M. Effectiveness of Training the Review of Life on Life Satisfaction and Sense of Coherence Middle-aged women and elderly nursing home residents in Qazvin. sija. 2018; 13 (2) :198-209
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1229-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran.
2- Department of Counseling and Guidance, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran. , counseling91@gmail.com
3- Women Research Center, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1716 Views)
Objective: Aging period is a critical era of human life and attention to the problems and needs of this stage is a social necessity. The present study was carried out to investigate the effectiveness of training the review of life on life satisfaction and sense of coherence Middle-aged women and elderly nursing home residents in Qazvin.
Methods & Materials: The present research is a semi-experimental one with pre-test and post-test and control group. The study population consisted of 50-80 year old aged women living in Nursing Home in city of Qazvin. The statistical sample included 30 subjects that were selected through simple random sampling method and assigned to excremental and control groups (15 subjects per each group). To collect data, Diener's (1985) Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Flensburg’s (2006) Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC) were used. At first, all samples answered these questionnaires, and then, the program of life review was administered on the experimental group for six sessions and finally, the post-test was administered to both the experimental and control groups. To analyze data, analysis of covariance was used in the environment of SPSS software.
Results: The mean age of the control group was 2/88± 65 and the mean age of the experimental group was 3/56±67. The mean life satisfaction of the control group before education was 17/86, but after training, 17/60 and the mean life satisfaction of the experimental group before training was 90/17 and after education 24/86. Also, the mean of control group's sense of cohesion before and after education was 69.87 and 69.93, while the mean of the experimental group before education was 46.63, but the education was 84.48. The results of covariance analysis showed that the process of life-style treatment sessions increased life satisfaction and cohesion among the elderly in the experimental group compared to the control group (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Results indicated that the life review therapy was effective on the level of life satisfaction and sense of coherence among the aged people.Hence, Review of Life therapy could be considered as an al -ternative or complementary approach to existing therapies for enhancing  life among elderly adults.
Full-Text [PDF 1111 kb]   (772 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (635 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2017/11/08 | Accepted: 2018/02/12 | Published: 2018/06/22

1. World Health Organization. Primary Care. Now more than ever. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008.
2. Ravanipour M, Salehi S, Taleghani F, Abedi H A. [Power in old age: A qualitative study (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2009; 14(4):447-453.
3. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. World population ageing 2009. New York: United Nations Publications; 2010.
4. Khalili Z, Taghadosi M, Heravi-Karimooi M, Sadrollahi A, Gilasi H. [Assessment of the associations of depression with elder abuse among the elderly in Kashan city, Iran (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2016; 10(4):8-17.
5. Rashidi Fakari F, Azimi Hashemi M, Rashidi Fakari F. A Qualitative a qualitative research: Postmenopausal women's experiences of abuse. Procedia–Socialand Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 82:57–60.. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.224] [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.224]
6. Salarvand S, Abedi H. [The elders' experiences of social support in nursing home: A qualitative study (Persian)]. Journal of Nursing. 2007; 20(52):39-50
7. Abolghasemi A, Zahed F, Narimani M. [The correlation of sense of coherence and type-D personality with health in coronary artery patients (Persian)]. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. 2009; 11(43):213-22.
8. Atkinson RA, Edward ES. Atkinson and Hilgard's introduction to psychology. [H. Rafii, M. Arjmand, Persian Trans]. Tehran: Tehran Publication; 2012.
9. Vastamäki J. Sense of coherence and unemployment [Academic dissertation]. Erlangen: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg; 2009.
10. Agha Yousefi AR, Sharif N. [Correlation between psychological well-being and sense of coherence in the students of Islamic Azad University-Central Tehran Branch (Persian)]. Pajoohandeh. 2011; 15(6):273-79.
11. Firozeh Moghadam S, Borjali A, Sohrabi F. [The efficiency of happiness training to increase the hope in elderly people (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2014; 8(4):67-72.
12. Stuart-Hamilton I. The psychology of ageing: An introduction. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers; 2012.
13. Borg C, Hallberg IR, Blomqvist K. Life satisfaction among older people (65+) with reduced self‐care capacity: The relationship to social, health and financial aspects. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2006; 15(5):607-18. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01375.x] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01375.x]
14. Ye S, Yu L, Li KK. A cross-lagged model of self-esteem and life satisfaction: Gender differences among Chinese university students. Personality and Individual Differences. 2012; 52(4):546-51. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2011.11.018] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2011.11.018]
15. Guney S, Kalafat T, and Boysan M. Dimensions of mental health: life satisfaction, anxiety and depression: a preventive mental health study in Ankara University student's population. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2010; 2(2):1210-3. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.174] [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.174]
16. Matud MP, Bethencourt JM, Ibanz I. Relevance of gender roles in life satisfaction in adult people Personality and Individual Differences. 2014; 70:206-11. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2014.06.046] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2014.06.046]
17. Keshavarz A, Mehrabi M, Soltanizadeh M. [Psychological predictors of life satisfaction (Persian)]. Developmental Psychology. 2010; 6(22):159-68.
18. Zullig KJ, Valois RF, Huebner ES, Drane JW. Adolescent health-related quality of life and perceived satisfaction with life. Quality of life Research. 2005; 14(6):1573-84. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-004-7707-y] [DOI:10.1007/s11136-004-7707-y]
19. Kapteyn A, Smith JP, Van Soest A. Life satisfaction. Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor; 2009.
20. Shahaeian A, Yousefi F. [Relationships between self-actualization, life satisfaction, and need for cognition among students of special middle schools for talented students (Persian)]. Journal of Exceptional Children. 2007; 7(3):317-36.
21. Donovan N, Halpern D, . Life satisfaction: The state of knowledge and impilication, for government. Lonon: National government Publication; 2002.
22. Diener E, Seligman ME. Beyond money toward an economy of well-being. Psychological Science in the Public Interest . 2004; 5(1):1-31. [DOI:10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.00501001.x] [DOI:10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.00501001.x]
23. Butler RN. The life review: An interpretation of reminiscence in the aged. Psychiatry. 1963; 26(1):65-76. [DOI:10.1080/00332747.1963.11023339] [DOI:10.1080/00332747.1963.11023339]
24. Ando M, Morita T, Akechi T, Okamoto T, Care JTFfS. Efficacy of short-term life-review interviews on the spiritual well-being of terminally ill cancer patients. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2010; 39(6):993-1002. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2009.11.320] [DOI:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2009.11.320]
25. Sabaghi H, Esmaily M, kalantar koushe SM. [The effectiveness of life review with a focus on Islamic ontology parent-child relationships teens (Persian)]. Pajoohesh Dar Masael-e Ta'lim va Tarbiyat-e Eslami. 2015; 23(26):139-63.
26. Weiss J. A comparison of cognitive group therapy to life review group therapy with adults [MSc. thesis]. Charlottesville, Virginia: The University of Virginia; 2010.
27. Maercker A. Life-review technique in the treatment of PTSD in elderly patients: Rationale and three single case studies. Journal of Clinical Geropsychology. 2002; 8(3):239-49. [DOI:10.1023/A:1015952429199] [DOI:10.1023/A:1015952429199]
28. Holland D. The effects of life review on ego integrity versus ego despair in the geriatric population: A case study [MSc. thesis]. Miami: Miami Institute of Psychology; 1997
29. Karimi M, Esmaeli M, Aryan K. [The effectiveness of life review therapy on decrease of depression symptoms in elderly women (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2010; 5(2):41-45.
30. Yazdanbakhsh k. Effects of life review on social adjustment of retirees' elderly persons. Journal of Aging Psychology. 2016; 1(3):179-85
31. Dehghan K, shariatmadar A, Kalantar Hormozi A. [Effectiveness of life review therapy on death anxiety and life satisfaction of old women of Tehran (Persian)]. Culture Counseling. 2015; 6(22):15-39. [DOI:10.22054/QCCPC.2015.4207]
32. Alizadehfard S. [The effect of life review group therapy on elderly with chronic pain (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2012; 7(2):60-67.
33. Diener E, Emmons RA, Larsen RJ, Griffin S. The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment. 1985; 49(1):71-5. [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13] [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13]
34. Jowkar B. [The mediating role of resilience in the relationship between general and emotional intelligence and life satisfaction (Persian)]. Contemporary Psychology. 2008; 2(2):3-12.
35. Flensborg-Madsen T, Ventegodt S, Merrick J. Sense of Coherence and Physical Health. A Cross-Sectional study using a new scale (SOC II). The Scientific World Journal. 2006; 6:2200-11. [DOI:10.1100/tsw.2006.350] [DOI:10.1100/tsw.2006.350]
36. Sabri Nazarzadeh R, Abdkhodaei MS, Tabibi Z. [Study of causal relationship between sense of coherence, psychological hardiness, coping strategies and mental health (Persian)]. Research in Psychological Health. 2012; 6(1):26-35.
37. Haight BK, Webster JD. The art and science of reminiscing: Theory, research, methods, and applications. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis; 1995.
38. Haber D. Life review: Implementation, theory, research, and therapy. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 2006; 63(2):153-71. [DOI:10.2190/DA9G-RHK5-N9JP-T6CC] [DOI:10.2190/DA9G-RHK5-N9JP-T6CC]
39. Watt LM, Cappeliez P. Integrative and instrumental reminiscence therapies for depression in older adults: Intervention strategies and treatment effectiveness. Aging & Mental Health. 2000; 4(2):166-77. [DOI:10.1080/13607860050008691] [DOI:10.1080/13607860050008691]
40. Cahoon, C. Depression in older adults. American Journal of Nursing. 2012; 112(11): 22-30. [DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000422251.65212.4b] [DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000422251.65212.4b]
41. Butler RN. The life review. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2002; 35(1):7-10.
42. De Leo D, Diekstra RF, Lonnqvist J, Cleiren MH, Frisoni GB, Buono MD, et al. LEIPAD, an internationally applicable instrument to assess quality of life in the elderly. Behavioral Medicine. 1998; 24(1):17-27. [DOI:10.1080/08964289809596377] [DOI:10.1080/08964289809596377]
43. Kazemian, S. [The effect of life review on the rate of anxiety in adolescent girls of the divorced families (Persian)]. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology. 2012; 13(47):11-17.
44. Beechem MH, Anthony C, Kurtz J. A life review interview guide: A structured systems approach to information gathering. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 1998; 46(1):25-44. [DOI:10.2190/NFNC-UNNL-5N5G-MQNY] [DOI:10.2190/NFNC-UNNL-5N5G-MQNY]
45. Berk L. Development through the lifespan. London: Pearson; 2001.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb