Volume 13, Issue 2 (7-2018)                   sija 2018, 13(2): 198-209 | Back to browse issues page

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Salmabadi M, Rajabi M J, Safara M, Kokabi R. Effectiveness of Training the Review of Life on Life Satisfaction and Sense of Coherence Middle-aged women and elderly nursing home residents in Qazvin. sija. 2018; 13 (2) :198-209
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1229-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran.
2- Department of Counseling and Guidance, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran. , counseling91@gmail.com
3- Women Research Center, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (170 Views)
Objective: Aging period is a critical era of human life and attention to the problems and needs of this stage is a social necessity. The present study was carried out to investigate the effectiveness of training the review of life on life satisfaction and sense of coherence Middle-aged women and elderly nursing home residents in Qazvin.
Methods & Materials: The present research is a semi-experimental one with pre-test and post-test and control group. The study population consisted of 50-80 year old aged women living in Nursing Home in city of Qazvin. The statistical sample included 30 subjects that were selected through simple random sampling method and assigned to excremental and control groups (15 subjects per each group). To collect data, Diener's (1985) Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Flensburg’s (2006) Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC) were used. At first, all samples answered these questionnaires, and then, the program of life review was administered on the experimental group for six sessions and finally, the post-test was administered to both the experimental and control groups. To analyze data, analysis of covariance was used in the environment of SPSS software.
Results: The mean age of the control group was 2/88± 65 and the mean age of the experimental group was 3/56±67. The mean life satisfaction of the control group before education was 17/86, but after training, 17/60 and the mean life satisfaction of the experimental group before training was 90/17 and after education 24/86. Also, the mean of control group's sense of cohesion before and after education was 69.87 and 69.93, while the mean of the experimental group before education was 46.63, but the education was 84.48. The results of covariance analysis showed that the process of life-style treatment sessions increased life satisfaction and cohesion among the elderly in the experimental group compared to the control group (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Results indicated that the life review therapy was effective on the level of life satisfaction and sense of coherence among the aged people.Hence, Review of Life therapy could be considered as an al -ternative or complementary approach to existing therapies for enhancing  life among elderly adults.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2017/11/08 | Accepted: 2018/02/12 | Published: 2018/06/22

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