Volume 10, Number 4 (1-2016)                   Salmand 2016, 10(4): 192-201 | Back to browse issues page


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Shahnazi H, Sobhani A. Study and Comparison of Different Aspects Healthy Lifestyle of the Elderly People Residing in Nursing Homes, Isfahan, Iran. Salmand. 2016; 10 (4) :192-201
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-820-en.html

1- Assistante professor Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Department of Gerontology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , bahar367@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2324 Views)

Objectives: Elderly population is dramatically increasing across the world and Iran is not an exception, as well. As the most leading causes of death in the age group of over 50 years can be prevented through lifestyle change, healthy lifestyle seems to be beneficial for this time. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the lifestyle of the elderly who reside in nursing homes.
Methods & Materials: This cross-sectional study was descriptive and analytical. Study population comprised 350 elderly people residing in a nursing home, in Isfahan, Iran. Data were collected through standard questionnaire, including demographic characteristics and lifestyle aspects. After completing questionnaires, the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS (ver. 20) through descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, Spearman test, and Independent t test.
Results: The results showed that the total mean score of lifestyle was 49.81±8.71. The Pearson correlation coefficient indicated a significant statistical relationship between total mean score of lifestyle with education (r=0.171, P<0.05) and illness (r=-0.14, P<0.009). Moreover, the Pearson correlation test showed significant relationships between different aspects of lifestyle (P<0.05) but the mental health and nutrition.
Conclusion: Regarding the study results, it is suggested that health policymakers make appropriate plans to promote elderly lifestyle in nursing homes. With regard to seclusion and loneliness of old people, using strategies to alleviate stress and depression and also prevention of its physical and mental effects, seems to be absolutely needed. It can be a step toward promotion of health status of this vulnerable group.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Social
Received: 2015/06/27 | Accepted: 2015/11/05 | Published: 2016/01/01

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