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1- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences,Tehran, Iran. , amakarem2001@yahoo.com
3- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences,Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (921 Views)

Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to compare social health and quality of life between residential & non-residential elderlies of Tehran at 2015.

Methods and Materials: In this descriptive-analytic study which conducted in cross-sectional method 434 residential & non-residential elderlies took part in research in two groups. Cluster-random sampling method was utilized for residential elderlies and convenient sampling method was utilized for non-residential elderlies. Three tools including Keyes Social Health Scale, Elderly Quality of Life Questionnaire (LIPAD) and a Demographic Questionnaire were utilized to measure the variables. After sampling and gathering the questionnaires, collected data were entered into SPSS and analyzed with descriptive indexes and analytic tests including Chi-squared test, Kolmogorov–Smirnov test and independent t test.

Results: Findings showed that the mean of social health for residential & non-residential elderlies were respectively 45.92±7.87 and 47.25±8.91 and there was no meaningful difference between two groups (p>0/05). The mean of quality of life for residential & non-residential elderlies were respectively 27.88±9.80 and 31.81±10.79 and there was meaningful difference between two groups (p<0/05).

Conclusions: According to results of the study residential & non-residential elderlies of Tehran had low and medium social health and quality of life. In addition residency was not an effective factor for elderly social health but in contrary it was an effective factor for quality of life of elderly.

Full-Text [PDF 2078 kb]   (239 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2016/06/10 | Accepted: 2018/03/09

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