Volume 13, Issue 1 (4-2018)                   sija 2018, 13(1): 4-15 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sargeran K, Razeghi S, Khorshidi Z. Design, Implementation, and Assessment of Virtual Training of Dental Students in Elderly Dentistry Topic. sija. 2018; 13 (1) :4-15
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1227-en.html
1- Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- MD Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , s-razeghi@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1210 Views)

Objectives  To achieve better oral health care for the growing elderly population it requires education of dentists who have attitudes; knowledge and skills. With regard to the benefits of web-based training, the present study aimed to design, implement, and evaluate a short virtual course in geriatric dentistry for the senior dental students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences and compare it with traditional method. 
Methods & Materials  In the present interventional study, 64 senior dental students participated. In one group (n=31) educational content presented through virtual method and in the other group (n=33) via traditional manner. A standard questionnaire was completed by both groups before and after the educational intervention. The questionnaire included questions on general knowledge and attitudes of aging and knowledge, attitude and performance about geriatric oral health. Statistical analysis was conducted with SPSS software using covariance and regression tests.
Results No significant difference found between the mean scores of general knowledge and attitudes of aging and knowledge and attitudes about geriatric oral health of two groups. The mean scores of geriatric oral health practice in the traditional and virtual groups increased from 45.4+20 to 56.9+26 and from 52.9+20 to 75.4+21, respectively, after the intervention (P<0.05). Regression analysis on the scores of students before the intervention showed that the general attitude of aging was related to “living with the elderly at the present time,” however no significant relationship was observed in other areas such as between students’ scores and their background factors. 
Conclusion The virtual method is effective in gaining educational insights about geriatric dentistry compared with traditional method and can be used as an alternative for teaching gerodontology to dental students.

Full-Text [PDF 5172 kb]   (649 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (527 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/10/16 | Accepted: 2018/02/01 | Published: 2018/04/01

References
1. Azizi Zeinalhajlu A, Amini A, Sadeghtabrizi J. [Consequences of population aging in Iran with emphasis on its increasing challenges on the health system (Literature review) (Persian)]. Depiction of Health. 2015, 6(1):54-64.
2. Kanasi E, Ayilavarapu S, Jones J. The aging population: demographics and the biology of aging. Periodontology 2000. 2016; 72(1):13–8. doi: 10.1111/prd.12126 [DOI:10.1111/prd.12126]
3. Statis tics Center of Iran. [Results of national census according age groups (Persian)]. Tehran: Statistics Center of Iran; 2018.
4. United Nations. World population prospects 2017: Population aged 65 and over. New York: United Nations; 2017.
5. Levy N, Goldblatt RS, and Reisine S. Geriatrics education in US dental schools: Where do we stand, and what improvements should be made? Journal of Dental Education. 2013; 77(10):1270-85. PMID: 24098031 [PMID]
6. Fathi Vajargah K, Jahani SH, Azadmanesh N. Application of icts in teaching and learning at university level: The case of Shahid Beheshti University. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. 2010; 9(2):33-39.
7. Shahsavari Isfahani S, Mosallanejad L, Sobhanian S. The effect of virtual and traditional methods on students learning and competency – based skills. Hormozgan Medical Journal, 2010; 14(3):184-190
8. Nourian A, Nourian A, Ebnahmadi A, AkbarzadehBaghban A, Khoshnevisan MH. [Comparison of e-learning and traditional classroom instruction of dental public health for dental students of Shahid Beheshti Dental School during 2010-2011 (Persian)]. Journal of Dental School. 2012; 30(3):174-183.
9. Gadbury-Amyot CC, Brockman WG. Transition of a traditional pharmacology course for dental students to an online delivery format: A pilot project. Journal of Dental Education. 2011; 75(5):633-45. PMID: 21546597 [PMID]
10. Weiner CK, Skålén M, Harju-Jeanty D, Heymann R, Rosén A, Fors U, et al. Implementation of a web-based patient simulation program to teach dental students in oral surgery. Journal of Dental Education. 2016; 80(2):133-40. PMID: 26834130 [PMID]
11. Kouhpaiezadeh J, Khoshnevisan MH, Beiranvand A. [Comparison of the two Virtual and Traditional teaching methods inlearning the course of the "Intro-duction to Dental equipment and theirmaintenance" for the students of the PhD General dentistry at Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (Per-sian)]. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences, 2015; 23(143):63-70
12. Fabiano JA, Waldrop DP, Nochaski TH, Davis EL, Goldberg LJ. Understanding dental students' knowledge and perceptions of older people: Toward a new model of geriatric dental education. Journal of Dental Education. 2005; 69(4):419-33. PMID: 15800255 [PMID]
13. Stewart TJ, Roberts E, Eleazer P, Boland R, Wieland D. Reliability and validity issues for two common measures of medical students' attitudes toward older adults. Educational Gerontology. 2006; 32(6):409-21. doi: 10.1080/03601270600685628 [DOI:10.1080/03601270600685628]
14. Mohebbi SZ. [Implementation and evaluation of theeffectiveness of a short course on geriatric dentistry for senior dental students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Persian)] [MD thesis]. Tehran: Tehran University of Medical Sciences; 2013.
15. Moazami F, Bahrampour E, Azar MR, Jahedi F, Moattari M. Comparing two methods of education (virtual versus traditional) on learning of Iranian dental students: a post-test only design study. BMC Medical Education. 2014; 14:45. doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-14-45 [DOI:10.1186/1472-6920-14-45]
16. Gallagher JE, Dobrosielski-Vergona KA, Wingard RG, Williams TM. Web-based vs. traditional classroom instruction in gerontology: A pilot study. Ameri-can Dental Hygienists Association. 2005; 79(3):7. PMID: 16197772
17. Teasdale TA, Shaikh M. Efficacy of a geriatric oral health CD as a learning tool. Journal of Dental Education. 2006; 70(12):1366-9. PMID: 17170329 [PMID]
18. Nochaski TH, Davis EL, Waldrop DP, Fabiano JA, Goldberg LJ. Dental Students' attitudes about older adults: Do type and amount of contact make a difference? Journal of Dental Education. 2011; 75(10):1329-32. PMID: 22012776
19. Moreira AN, Rocha ÊS, Popoff DA, Vilaça ÊL, Castilho LS, De Magalhães CS. Knowledge and attitudes of dentists regarding ageing and the elderly. Gerodontology. 2012; 29(2):e624-31. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00534.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00534.x]
20. Hatami B, Ahmady AE, Khoshnevisan MH, Lando HA. Senior dental student's attitudes toward older adults and knowledge of geriatric dental care in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 19(3):S172-7. PMID: 24995742 [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Ageing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb