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1- Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran ,
2- Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University, Isfahan, Iran
3- Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (1558 Views)
Objectives: due to the fact that our society is aging and there is no group but the elderly who suffer from physical problems and no social life. Since disabilities and physical weakness, neurological sensory deficits, death, stress, this study aimed to investigate the life expectancy structural equation modeling among the elderly based on the sensitivity of anxiety, social support and perception of pain.
Methods and Materials: The type of the study was in the form of correlation that was conducted in the spring of 2016 in cross-sectional analytical-descriptive method. The population of this research included males and females aged 60 years old and older who were living at home. The sample of the study consisted of 340 students, who were selected from different public places in Isfahan. They answered the expectancy questionnaire based on Shalamzari Islamic sources, the Zimt Perceived Social Support, Reese and  Peterson sensitivity of anxiety, and researcher pain perception prepared by Joseph et al. Data gathered this way were analyzed by SPSS version 16 and Pearson correlation and regression tests of AMOS 21  as well as structural equation modeling and indices calculation.
Results: The average age 91/66 years, average  and standard devition life expectancy is (50/51, 5/71), perception of pain is (39/48, 15/71), anxiety sensitivity(40/20, 12/59) and social protection respectively(63/91, 14/62), with an average and standard devition of fear of physical concerns, fear of lack of cognitive control anxiety and fear of being viewed is as equals (20/54, 9/60 and 10/06, 7/69, 3/25, 3/01) and an average and standard devition size of family, friends and significant others respectively is (12/69, 5/61, 20/19, 5/46  and 22/06, 6/83). It has been shown that social support and life expectancy had significant positive corrolation with families, friends and famous people( p <0/01). The fear of lack of cognitive control showed strong negative correlation with life expectancy (p <0/05). However, pain perception, sensitivity of anxiety, and fear of physical concern and fear from anxiety did not show a significant relationship with life expectancy.
Conclusion: According to the results if you take measures to increase social support in the elderly, pain, anxiety are reduced and life expectancy is increased.
Full-Text [PDF 2321 kb]   (358 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/01/07 | Accepted: 2017/07/12

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