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1- Md in Clinical Psychology
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Hamedan Branch Azad University, Hamedan, Iran , n.zamani1367@yahoo.com
3- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Malayer Branch Azad University, Hamedan Iran
Abstract:   (212 Views)

Death anxiety is a common phenomenon among people and studies have shown its prevalence up to 16% while 3.3% of them are suffering from very severe types. This study has been conducted to determine the relationship between fear of death and religious beliefs and the mental disorders of the elderly living in nursing homes. In order to achieve this goal, a total of 100 elderly people living in nursing homes in Karaj were selected randomly via multi-stage cluster technique to participate in this correlational study. Tools used in this research include Templer Death Anxiety Scale (DAS, 1970), SCL90 neurological, intellectual and emotional dysfunction inventory along with Golriz - Barahani religious attitude questionnaire (1353). Pearson correlation and multiple regression technique were also used for data analysis. The twentieth edition of SPSS statistical software was used in this study. Based on findings of this study, no relationship was observed between the two variables of death anxiety and religious belief. Additionally, Pearson correlation coefficient showed a significant inverse relationship between religious belief, psychosis and obsession. Furthermore, these findings suggest a significant correlation between fear of death and religious beliefs in older adults with mental disorders. Based on these findings, the coefficient of correlation between fear of death and mental disorders is 0.499 (r=0.499, p<0.01), suggesting that there is a significant relationship between these two variables. So it can be concluded that as much the death anxiety level increases in elderly, incidence of mental disorders proportionally increases. So it is possible to reduce the incidence or intensification of mental disorders through arrangement and implementation of psychological programs in order to reduce the anxiety of death in the elderly.

Full-Text [PDF 2405 kb]   (59 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Geriatric
Received: 2017/05/12 | Accepted: 2017/12/24

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