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1- North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
2- School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Instituteof Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
3- Deputy of Research and Technology, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
4- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (3131 Views)
Objectives: Physical inability to perform daily activities is one of the major causes of depression in the elderly and, on the other hand, depression can cause loss of interest in daily activities and lack of independence. The present study was aimed to assess the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in the elderly and its relationship with depression in Maneh Samalghan city in 2017.
Methods and materials: The present cross-sectional study was performed in elderly people aged 60 years and older. Sampling was done by multi-stage cluster method and the sample size was 148 individuals. Data were collected through activities of daily living questionnaire (ADL and IADL) and elderly depression (GDS-15) and were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and Chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis.
Results: There were 86 female (58.1%) and 62 male (41.9%) participants included in the study. 73.6% of participants were in the aged 60-75 years, and the rest were older than 75 years. The results showed that 48% of participants had moderate or severe depression and 2.7% and 41.2% of them were unable to perform ADL and IADL without help, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that depression has a significant negative correlation with ADL (r= -0.304, p<0.001) and IADL (r= -0.193, p> 0.01). This means that by increasing one of them, the other decreases and vice versa.
Conclusions: The ability of the elderly to perform ADL and IADL activities can be a good predictor of depression. It is possible to assess the health and ability of the elderly to perform daily activities through health teams and elderly family members to prevent their developmental disability and their depression.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2017/12/06 | Accepted: 2018/08/10

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