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1- 1. PhD student of Gerontology, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of health., Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2- 2. Master of health education and promotion, Department of health education and promotion, faculty of health, Qom medical science, Qom, Iran.
3- Ph.D. of Health and Social welfare, Social welfare management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Rehabilitation Administration, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, school of health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. , Shary_2001@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1021 Views)
Introduction: Sleep quality is an important indicator in many geriatric diseases. As people age, changes happen in the quality and structure of sleep, which lead to sleep disorders and complications. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of sleep disorder in elderly people living in senior care homes.
Methods: This correlational study was carried out on a sample of 130 elderly residents of senior care homes in the city of Ahvaz. Pittsburgh’s sleep quality questionnaire, general health questionnaire (12 questions form), knee pain questionnaire, social support questionnaire, and demographic characteristic checklist were used to collect the data. Data were analyzed using stepwise linear regression analysis through SPSS software.
Results: In total, 13.8% of the samples had low level of sleep disorder, 81.5% had moderate level of sleep disorder and 4.6% had severe level of sleep disorder. Based on the fitted regression model (P < 0.001, F = 7.24) it was found that, multiple disease (β = 0.200), perceived social support (β = -0.266), joint stiffness (β=0.259) and knee pain (β = 0.244) were the effective and significant predictors of sleep disorder in the elderly people, and explained 18.9% of the changes in this variable.
Conclusion: Perceived social support, joint stiffness, knee pain, and multiple diseases were the predictors of sleep disorder in the elderly population. For elderly population, it is necessary to develop effective interventions to control the effect of these factors.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2018/04/21 | Accepted: 2018/06/06

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