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1- Shahid Beheshti University of Medicine Sciences , n_keshavars@yahoo.com
2- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
3- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
4- Shahid Beheshti University of Medicine Sciences
Abstract:   (265 Views)
Objectives
Despite of increased elderly population in, our knowledge is not sufficient on status of their health. A comprehensive understanding of the health problems of this vulnerable group will help planners to intervene effectively. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the physical health of elderly people in Tehran.
Material & Methods
In a cross sectional study 450 eligible elders were selected through stratified cluster multi-stage random sampling from 5 districts in Tehran. In order to collect information, a comprehensive need assessment questionnaire for elderly people in Iran was developed and validated. After approval of the ethics committee of the university and obtaining informed consent from the elderly, the questionnaires were completed by researcher at home of participants. Data analysis was conducted by SPSS software version 16 and logistic regression test.
Results
90.9% of the studied elderly had at least one chronic illness with special treatment. The most prevalent reported diseases was arthritis (62.4%) and the most common  reported disorders and health problems was anxiety and fatigue, with a prevalence of 57.6% and 56.4%, respectively. In the multivariate logistic regression model, with the control of confounding variables, the vulnerability index had a statistically significant correlation with the physical health status) OR=4.433, P<0.001).
Conclusion
Regarding the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases in older adults, planning and provision of services should be consistent with the current situation and the changing needs of them.
Full-Text [PDF 2224 kb]   (93 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical
Received: 2018/07/07 | Accepted: 2018/11/27

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