Volume 17, Issue 2 (Summer 2022)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2022, 17(2): 186-201 | Back to browse issues page

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Rashedi V, Roshanravan M, Borhaninejad V, Mohamadzadeh M. Coronavirus Anxiety and Obsession and Their Relationship With Depression and Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2022; 17 (2) :186-201
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2232-en.html
1- Department of Aging, Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.
3- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
4- Gerontological Care Research Center, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran. , marzieh.mohamadzadeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7118 Views)
Objectives In addition to physical damage, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can cause psychological problems in people. The present study aims to assess the prevalence of anxiety and obsession caused by the COVID-19 in the elderly and their relationship with depression and the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL).
Methods & Materials This descriptive-analytical study with a cross-sectional design was conducted on 300 older adults aged ≥60 years in Maneh and Samalghan county who were selected by a simple random sampling method. Data were collected by using a demographic form, the coronavirus anxiety scale (CAS), obsession with COVID-19 scale (OCS), ADL scale, Instrumental ADL scale, and geriatric depression scale (GDS). Data analysis was performed in SPSS v. 18 using Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman’s correlation tests.
Results Among participants, 214 (71.2%) had age <70 years. The prevalence of OCS and CAS in the elderly was 5.3% and 9%, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the scores of OCD (r=0.220, P<0.001) and CAS (r=0.322, P<0.001) had a significant correlation with depression. The CAS score had a significant negative correlation with ADL (r=-0.114, P<0.05)
Conclusion The prevalence of obsession and anxiety caused by the COVID-19 in the elderly is not different from that in other age groups. However, there is significant increase in them during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to their pre-pandemic levels. it seems necessary to pay attention to screening, referral, and more detailed follow-up of mental health services in clinics and health centers for the elderly during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: gerontology
Received: 2021/05/07 | Accepted: 2021/07/18 | Published: 2022/07/01

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