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1- Phd Student, Payam Nour University.
2- Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam Nour University.
3- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam Nour University. , salizadehfard@gmail.com
4- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam Nour University.
Abstract:   (249 Views)
Objectives: One of the most common problems in old age is mild cognitive impairment which, in addition to cognitive problems, reduces important aspects of social cognition ability such as facial emotion recognition. One of the effective methods in this field is social cognition and interaction training that has not been implemented on the elderly so far. Accordingly, the aim of present study is investigating the effect of social cognition and interaction training on facial emotion recognition in the elderly with mild cognitive impairment.
Materials and Methods: The design of present study was quasi-experimental with pretest, post-test and follow-up period with a control group. The statistical population included the elderly over 60 years with mild cognitive impairment in Tehran in 1399. 40 elderly people with mild cognitive impairment were selected by randomly purposive sampling method and assigned to experimental and control groups (20 elderly in each group). The experimental group received group training of social cognition and interaction in 20 sessions of 60 minutes over two months. During this period, the control group had no training. The questionnaires used in this study included the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test and the Emotion Recognition Test. All stages of the research were conducted in accordance with research ethics and all individuals had signed a sample informed consent form. The data were analyzed by mixed analysis of variance and Bonferroni post-hoc test using SPSS-23 software.
Results: The results of mixed analysis of variance showed that group membership 51% and the evaluation stage 71% explains variance of changes in facial recognition scores. Also, The results of Bonforroni test showed that facial emotion recognition scores in the experimental group increased after the intervention and after 2 months, and social cognition training has a significant effect on emotional recognition in the elderly with mild cognitive impairment (p <0.001). However, facial recognition scores in the control group did not change significantly.
Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicated that social cognition and interaction training can be used as an effective method to increase social cognition in the elderly by using techniques such as examining the role of emotions in social situations and the development of emotion recognition skills.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2021/07/17 | Accepted: 2021/10/13

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