Volume 3, Issue 2 (Salmand, Iranian Journal of Ageing 2008)                   Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing 2008, 3(2): 565-571 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadeghi H, Norouzi H, Karimi Asl A, Montazer M. Functional Training Program Effect on Static and Dynamic Balance in Male Able-bodied Elderly. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2008; 3 (2) :565-571
URL: http://salmandj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-91-en.html
1- Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tarbiat Moallem, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (26211 Views)

Objectives: Balance is an index to determine the level of independency of elderly (65 years and older) in their daily activities. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a functional training program on static and dynamic balance of elderly male able-bodied subjects.

Methods & Materials: Thirty elderly male subjects (age:70.83±3 y, weight:70.60±2.44 kg, height:1.78±2.28 m) participated in this study where they randomly divided in two control and experimental groups. The pre-test of Sharpened-Romberg (static balance with eyes open and close) and Timed-get up and go (dynamic balance) balance tests applied a day before starting functional training program. Experimental group participated in functional training program three days a week for six weeks. Control group asked to continue their daily activity. The post-test applied afterward. Descriptive statistics, T-test for independent samples and paired sample T-test (α≤0.05) applied for statistical analysis.

Results: No significant differences seen in all three balance tests between two groups, but experimental group had better performance than control group in post-test. Paired sample T-test showed significant differences between pre and post-tests in all three tests for experimental group while no differences observed in control group.

Conclusion: Due to results, static and dynamic balance among participants of this study is improved as a result of using functional training program. However, further evaluation needed to be done for long-term effects of using functional training program.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2008/03/01 | Accepted: 2008/05/01 | Published: 2008/07/01

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